That process was largely completed by midsummer 1945, soon after Germany’s defeat, whereupon de Gaulle scheduled a combined referendum and election for October. On June 1, therefore, the National Assembly voted de Gaulle full powers for six months, thus putting a de facto end to the Fourth Republic. The Provisional Government of the French Republic (gouvernement provisoire de la République française or GPRF) was an interim government of Free France between 1944 and 1946 following the liberation of continental France after Operations Overlord and Dragoon, and lasted until the establishment of the French Fourth Republic. His ideas anticipated the system that later was to be embodied in the constitution of the Fifth Republic (1958). A vocal minority in France openly favoured a negotiated settlement, though no political leader dared take so unpopular a position. Japan’s defeat in 1945 enabled the French to regain control of southern Indochina, but the northern half was promptly taken over by a Vietnamese nationalist movement headed by the communist Ho Chi Minh. With most of the political class discredited and containing many members who had more or less collaborated with the enemy, Gaullism and communismbecame the most popular political forces in France. French Fourth Republic. Two other segments of Indochina, the former protectorates of Laos and Cambodia, had earlier been converted by the French into independent monarchies to preserve some French influence there. France adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic on 13 October 1946. On 13 May 1958, the mob seized the building of the General-Government in Algiers, and a "Committee of Civil and Army Public Security" was set up, led by General Massu. Shortly after his return to Paris, de Gaulle announced that the citizens of France would determine their future governmental system as soon as the absent prisoners and deportees could be repatriated. It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic which had ruled before the Second World War. The painful convalescence from the ravages of war was speeded by massive aid from the United States and by the gentle persuasion (and ample credits) of Jean Monnet’s Planning Commissariat (Commissariat Général du Plan), adopted in 1947. The Constitution of the Fourths Republic, like the American Constitution, was a written constitution. Updates? The postwar provisional president Charles de Gaulle resigned in 1946, expecting that public support would bring him back to power with a mandate to impose his constitutional ideas. The French Fourth Republic (French: Quatrième république française) was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution. The combination of political uncertainty, external crisis and internal economic expansion that characterized the French Fourth Republic renders the period 1944-1958 one of unusual complexity, and in this masterly survey Jean-Pierre Rioux unravels its often torturous rise and fall. The structure of the Fourth Republic was remarkably like that of the Third Republic. Fourth Republic, government of the French Republic from 1946 to 1958. Fourth french republic.png 2,000 × 2,000; 604 KB Houphouet-Boigny, Loi 46-645 tendant à la suppression du travail forcé, Paris, 11 avril 1946.png 333 × 630; 90 KB Organigramme de la IVème République.png 906 × 787; 101 KB Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The lower house of parliament, renamed the National Assembly, was the locus of power. The long and brutal struggle in Algeria gravely affected the political life of the Fourth Republic and ended by destroying it. France was still a colonial power, although conflict and revolt had begun the process of decolonization. A less fortunate aspect of the national urge to reassert France’s stature in the world was the Fourth Republic’s costly effort to hold the colonial empire. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The assembly promptly chose the Socialist Félix Gouin to replace him, and the embittered de Gaulle retired to his country estate. 14:05. Fears that the rebellion might spread to Tunisia and Morocco led the French to make drastic concessions there; in 1956 both of these protectorates became sovereign states. Was considered one of the Fourth Republic 1958 gave the conspirators a chance to strike U.S. constitution, replaced. 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