In the other, Sam Houston defeated Stephen F. Austin to become the first elected President of Texas. President Sam Houston 3. Born in Virginia in 1793, Houston moved with his family to rural Tennessee after his father’s death; as a teenager, he ran away and lived for several years with the Cherokee tribe. Located in Huntsville, Texas. In his youth Houston moved with his family to a farm in rural Tennessee after the death of his father in 1807. During his two presidential terms he successfully guided the new ship of state through many trials and tribulations. Houston, meanwhile, faced the challenge of assembling a new government, putting the country's financ… Inscription. Omissions? On this date in 1836, Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas. Address: 1806 Avenue J, Huntsville, TX 77340 Phone: (936) 294-1111 He served three terms in the Senate and ran successfully for Texas’ governorship in 1859. He also indicates there are many struggles ahead. 1. Born in Virginia in 1793, Houston moved with his family to rural Tennessee after his father’s death; as a teenager, he ran away and lived for several years with the Cherokee tribe. In 1818, Sam Houston, wearing Indian dress, led a delegation of Cherokee to Washington, D.C., to meet with President James Monroe. Sam Houston A Blazing Star Falls to Earth. Fifty-six delegates from all the colonies except Georgia drafted a declaration of rights ...read more, On the evening of September 5, 1914, General Joseph Joffre, commander in chief of the French army during World War I, readies his troops for a renewed offensive against the advancing Germans at the Marne River in northeastern France, set to begin the following morning. At age 18, Houston left the Cherokees and spent two years teaching school to earn money. The revolt suffered reverses during the winter, but on April 21, 1836, Houston and a force of roughly 900 Texans surprised and defeated some 1,200 to 1,300 Mexicans under Antonio López de Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto. Updates? Houston was adopted by Chief Oolooteka and given the name Colonneh, or "The Raven." Sam Houston, byname of Samuel Houston, (born March 2, 1793, Rockbridge county, Virginia, U.S.—died July 26, 1863, Huntsville, Texas), U.S. lawyer and politician, a leader in the Texas Revolution (1834–36). In victory, Houston declared that “Texas will again lift its head and stand among the nations….It ought to do so, for no country upon the globe can compare with it in natural advantages.”, READ MORE: Why Mexico Won the Alamo but Lost the Mexican-American War. As a consequence, after service in the War of 1812 and an interlude of study and teaching, in 1817 Houston became a U.S. subagent assigned to manage the removal of the Cherokee from Tennessee to a reservation in the Arkansas Territory. Samuel Houston (1793-1863) – Nineteenth Century statesman, politician, soldier, and a key figure in the Texas Revolution, Houston was born at Timber Ridge Church, near Lexington, Virginia, on March 2, 1793.His father, Major Houston, served in the American Revolution, and after his death, which took place when Sam was just 14, his mother emigrated to Tennessee. When the War of 1812 rolled around, he fought … He twice went to Washington, D.C., to expose frauds practiced upon the Indians by government agents and in 1832 was sent by Pres. He was elected the first president of the Republic of Texas in 1836. Who Was Samuel Houston? The city of Houston, Texas, is named in his honor, as is an Army fort in San Antonio, Texas. Sam Houston Johnson was born in Johnson City, Texas on January 31, 1914, to Samuel Ealy Johnson Jr. and Rebekah Baines. In a Facebook post Tuesday morning, Sam Houston State University President Dana Hoyt announced she is retiring in August. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Houston joined the U.S. Army as a private, quickly rising to the rank of third lieutenant. Why Mexico Won the Alamo but Lost the Mexican-American War. On April 21, he led some 800 Texans in a surprise defeat of 1,500 Mexican soldiers under General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna at the San Jacinto River. In addition to the President’s Cabinet, Sam Houston State University Faculty Senate, the Council of Academic Deans, Academic Policy Council, Academic Affairs Council, Staff Council, and other University-sanctioned groups function to better the University. In this position he tried unsuccessfully to prevent the secession of his state in 1861, and upon his refusal to swear allegiance to the Confederacy, he was declared deposed from office in March. On September 5, 1836, Sam Houston is elected as president of the Republic of Texas, which earned its independence from Mexico in a successful military rebellion. Born: March 2, 1793 in Rockbridge County, Virginia But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! (Sam Houston State University) White said, “I spent several days on Sam Houston State University’s campus last … Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images. Houston arrived in Texas during a time of rising tensions between U.S. settlers and Mexican authorities, and soon emerged as a leader among the settlers. As the Civil War loomed, Houston argued unsuccessfully against secession, and was deposed from office in March 1861 after refusing to swear allegiance to the Confederacy. Sam Houston elected as president of Texas, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sam-houston-elected-as-president-of-texas. Houston was elected one of the new state’s first two senators, serving as a Union Democrat from 1846 to 1859. Although guards ...read more, Boris Pasternak’s romantic novel, Doctor Zhivago is published in the United States. Calley, a platoon leader in Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry, 11th Infantry Brigade (Light) of the 23rd (Americal) Division ...read more, During the 1972 Summer Olympics at Munich, in the early morning of September 5, a group of Palestinian terrorists storms the Olympic Village apartment of the Israeli athletes, killing two and taking nine others hostage. American lawyer and politician; president of Republic of Texas. On March 31, 1832, Ohio Congressman William Stanbery accused Houston of fraud in a… He returned to Nashville to practice law and from 1823 to 1827 served as a U.S. congressman. The city of Houston, Texas, was named in his honour. Officially adopted by the tribe, he traveled to Washington to protest governmental treatment of Native Americans. Sam Houston Schoolhouse, Maryville, Tennessee, where he taught school. He established a home there by 1833, and he quickly emerged as one of the settlers’ main leaders. Hoyt has been at SHSU … Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. This operation lasted until October 1971, and was one of the last major large-scale military ...read more, Lt. William Calley is charged with six specifications of premeditated murder in the death of 109 Vietnamese civilians at My Lai in March 1968. He was influential in gaining the admission of Texas to the United States in 1845. After receiving medical treatment for his war wounds in New Orleans, Houston returned to win election as president of the Republic of Texas on September 5. In the August 9, 1836 issue of the Telegraph and Texas Register, Stephen F. Austin, Henry Smith and Branch T. Archer were listed as candidates for the office of president of the new republic. …debacle, with Mexican forces approaching, Houston and the troops under his command at Gonzales began an organized withdrawal to the northeast, accompanied by fleeing civilians. The Confederates then removed Houston as governor, and he retired to private life in Huntsville, Texas, where he died in 1863. He attended Washington and Lee University in Virginia, then enlisted in the army on the second day of World War I. An American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United States as a constituent state. Then, adventure beckoned in the form of the outbreak of the War of 1812. On September 5, 1836, Sam Houston is elected as president of the Republic of Texas, which earned its independence from Mexico in a successful military rebellion. The assailant, a petite, red haired, freckle-faced young woman named Lynette Fromme, approached the president while he was walking near the California Capitol and raised a .45 ...read more, Seen by some as a vicious murderer and by others as a gallant Robin Hood, the famous outlaw Jesse Woodson James is born on September 5, 1847, in Clay County, Missouri. In 1832, President Andrew Jackson sent him to Texas (then a Mexican province) to negotiate treaties with local Native Americans for protection of border traders. Riding the wave of popularity as "Old Sam Jacinto," Houston became the first regularly elected president of the Republic of Texas, defeating Stephen F. Austin. Early life. He received a law degree from Cumberland School of Law in 1934.. Sam Houston for President! Jesse and his older brother Franklin lost their father in 1849, when the Reverend Robert James abandoned his ...read more, On September 5, 2006, Katie Couric makes headlines—and TV history—with her highly publicized debut as the first female solo anchor of a weekday network evening news broadcast, CBS Evening News with Katie Couric. In 1835, Texans formed a provisional government, which issued a declaration of independence from Mexico the following year. September 5, 1975, President Gerald R. Ford survives an attempt on his life in Sacramento, California. Of course he is. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Pasternak was born in Russia in 1890, and by the time of the Russian Revolution was a well-known ...read more, On September 5, 1957, New York Times writer Gilbert Millstein gives a rave review to “On the Road,” the second novel (hardly anyone had read the first) by a 35-year-old Columbia dropout named Jack Kerouac. Houston took office on October 22, 1836 after interim president David G. Burnetresigned. The border of the country is frontier land, unclaimed territory, bordered by Indians. Texas Republic Army General, Texas Republic President… Fast Facts: Sam Houston Known For: After winning the Battle of San Jacinto, which effectively won the Texas War of Independence, Houston was the founding statesman of Texas, serving as the first president of the Republic of Texas, then a U.S. senator and governor for the state of Texas. In one, Martin Van Buren was elected President of the United States. His last act as president was to write to General Santa Anna in Mexico and petition for the freedom of Jose Antonio Navarro. Andrew Jackson to Texas, then a Mexican province, to negotiate Indian treaties for the protection of U.S. border traders. Share with your friends. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Santa Anna was captured and brought to Houston, where he was forced to sign an armistice that would grant Texas its freedom. This triumph secured Texan independence and was followed by Houston’s election as president (1836–38; 1841–44) of the Republic of Texas. He attended Southwest Texas State Teachers College, as had his brother Lyndon, and the University of Texas at Austin. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Board of Regents of the Texas State University System unanimously confirmed Alisa White, Ph.D., as president of Sam Houston State University during a special called meeting today. The President's Honor Roll and Dean's List of Academic Honors are highly distinguished accolades recognized among higher education institutions across the nation as a true indication of excellence and accomplishment. No, he says they are in the outset, which means the beginning of their struggle for independence. Technically, the two nations were still at war. The Mexican pursuit of Houston was three-pronged, and though he had an opportunity on March 20 to strike back against the leading edge of that…. At that time, Houston was appointed military commander of the Texas army. His first term lasted from October 22, 1836, to December 10, 1838. Sam Houston studied law under Judge James Trimble, passed the bar, and opened up a legal practice in Lebanon, Tennessee. Dr. … Serving over 18,000 undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students, SHSU's Carnegie classification places it in the top 7% of U.S. higher education institutions. On September 5, 1836, Sam Houston is elected as president of the Republic of Texas, which earned its independence from Mexico in a successful military rebellion. Sam Houston (click for source) The area now constituting the United States had two Presidential elections in 1836. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The book was banned in the Soviet Union, but still won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1958. When Sam Houston took office in 1836, as the first elected president of the Republic of Texas, the new nation faced many problems. Sam Houston died in 1863 in Huntsville, Texas, where a 67-foot-tall memorial statue of him now stands. SAM HOUSTON, COMMANDER IN CHIEF AND PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS Sam Houston was born on March 2, 1793 in Rockbridge County, Virginia, to parents Major Samuel Houston and Elizabeth Paxton; one of nine children. As a teenager in Tennessee, he had run away from home and lived for several years with the Cherokees. Brian Blalock Alisa White began her role as president of Sam Houston State University Monday, becoming the 14th president of Texas’ third-oldest state university. Sam Houston, byname of Samuel Houston, (born March 2, 1793, Rockbridge county, Virginia, U.S.—died July 26, 1863, Huntsville, Texas), American lawyer and politician, a leader in the Texas Revolution (1834–36) who later served as president of the Republic of Texas (1836–38; 1841–44) and who was instrumental in Texas’s becoming a U.S. state (1845). Victory in the Battle of San Jacinto made Houston a hero to many Texans, and he won the 1836 Texas presidential election, defeating Stephen F. Austin and former governor Henry Smith. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. During the presidential election, the voters of Texas overwhelmingly indicated their desire for Texas to be annexed by the United States. He died of pneumonia in 1863. “Jack went to bed obscure,” Kerouac’s girlfriend told a reporter, “and ...read more. Then in 1841, Houston was again voted by a large margin to the head of the Texas government. By Hartwell James in 1899. Final Days: Sam Houston left the presidency in December 1844. Oglala Sioux leader Crazy Horse is fatally bayoneted by a U.S. soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson, Nebraska. At his inauguration in Columbia Houston dramatically flourished, then gave up the sword he had used at the Battle of San Jacinto. He continued to serve as senator and governor after Texas became part of the United States in 1845. Sam Houston State names Alisa White finalist for president in June 2020. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Statesman Samuel Houston was a key political figure in the creation of the state of Texas. Despite plans for retirement, Houston helped Texas win admission to the United States in 1845 and was elected as one of the state’s first two senators. Soon after, Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas. Houston thus developed a rapport with the Indians that was unique for his day. Dr. Harmon Luther Lowman came to Sam Houston State in 1941 and was the president until his death in 1964. After serving his term as President, he served in the Congress of the Republic in 1839-40. Enjoy the best Sam Houston Quotes at BrainyQuote. UWEC.eduSam Houston He was inaugurated as the new nation’s first elected president … He ran away in his mid-teens and lived for nearly three years with the Cherokee Indians in eastern Tennessee, where he took the name Black Raven and learned the Cherokee language, skills, and customs. Sam Houston, First President of the Republic 1793-1863 . All Rights Reserved. He practiced law in Nashville and from 1823 to1827 served as a U.S. congressman before being elected governor of Tennessee in 1827. Lowman was born in 1894 in Staples. He was elected governor of Tennessee in 1827. When they rose in rebellion against Mexico in November 1835, he was chosen commander in chief of their army (an appointment that was formally confirmed after the adoption of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836). Sam Houston, First President of the Republic Marker. His views on the preservation of the union were unpopular with the Texas legislature, however, and on the eve of the Civil War he was not reelected—although he was chosen governor once more in 1859. Born … He had a unique relationship with American Indians. 4. He spent his last two years quietly at home in Huntsville with Margaret Lea, his wife from 1840 and mother of his eight children. Houston’s arrival in Texas coincided with the heated contest between settlers and the Mexican government for control of the area. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. By TeamOHE, May 7, 2020. A prominent figure in the political history of Texas, this politician served as the President of the Republic of Texas twice and also as a governor of the state. With the ...read more, The 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile), in coordination with the South Vietnamese (ARVN) 1st Infantry Division, initiates Operation Jefferson Glenn in Thua Thien Province west of Hue. In his youth Houston moved with his family to a farm in rural Tennessee after the death of his father in 1807. Houston served as the republic’s president until 1838, then again from 1841 to 1844. Corrections? President Burnet resigned so that Houston could take office early on October 22. Houston served in the War of 1812 and was later appointed by the U.S. government to manage the removal of the Cherokee from Tennessee to a reservation in Arkansas Territory. Couric, who served as co-anchor of The Today Show from 1991 to 2006, ...read more, In the early morning hours of September 5, six members of the Arab terrorist group known as Black September dressed in the Olympic sweat suits of Arab nations and jumped the fence surrounding the Olympic village in Munich, Germany, carrying bags filled with guns. The terrorists were part of a group known as Black ...read more. Sam Houston became the first president of the Republic of Texas on October 22, 1836. Though the rebellion suffered a crushing blow at the Alamo in early 1836, Houston was soon able to turn his army’s fortunes around. 5. After a brief unsuccessful marriage to Eliza Allen in 1829, he resigned his office; he again sought refuge among the Cherokee and was formally adopted into the tribe. A year earlier, Crazy Horse was among the Sioux leaders who defeated George Armstrong Custer’s Seventh Cavalry at the Battle of Little ...read more, In response to the British Parliament’s enactment of the Coercive Acts in the American colonies, the first session of the Continental Congress convenes at Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia. His victory at the Battle of San Jacinto secured the independence of Texas from Mexico. Quotations by Sam Houston, American Politician, Born March 2, 1793. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Before ever going to Texas, Sam Houston represented Tennessee in the U.S. Congress and served as that state's governor. General Andrew Jackson took notice of Sam Houston and began mentoring him. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sam-Houston, Texas State Historical Association - The Handbook of Texas Online - Biography of Samuel Houston, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture - Biography of Sam Houston, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Sam Houston, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture - Biography of Sam Houston, Sam Houston - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Sam Houston - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In the fall of that year, Houston was elected the first President of the Republic of Texas. He’s an American combat veteran. Early career. Samuel “Sam” Houston was an American soldier turned politician who played a key role in the creation of a separate state of Texas in the United States. A brief, failed marriage led Houston to resign from office and live again with the Cherokee. 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