The last step sharply drops to the depths of about 3,500 m (11,500 ft) toward the central (deepest) part of the sea. [12] The Japan Basin is of oceanic origin and is the deepest part of the sea, whereas the Tsushima Basin is the shallowest with the depths below 2,300 m (7,500 ft). On the contrary, the temperature in the south could gradually decrease to 6 °C (43 °F) at 200 m (660 ft), then to 2 °C (36 °F) at 260 m (850 ft) and to 0.04–0.14 °C (32.07–32.25 °F) at 1,000–1,500 m (3,300–4,900 ft), but then it would rise to about 0.3 °C (32.5 °F) near the bottom. However, Japan still maintains a claim to the four southernmost islands of the Kuril Archipelago, including Kunashir, Iturup, … Chapter. The structure of the Sea of Japan can be divided into two layers: the surface water layer is about 300 meters deep, and the deep sea layer is below this. The sea of Japan has an area of approximately 978,000 km2 with an average depth of 1,752 meters and a maximum depth of 4,049 meters. Korea argues that the adjective "East" describes its geographical position east of the Asian continent, although it is west of Japan … Its area is 377,600 square miles (978,000 square km). There are many sea areas that have been named in a similar way, such as the Andaman Sea, separated from the Indian Ocean by the Andaman Islands, and the Gulf of California, separated from the Pacific Ocean by the California Peninsula. Thawing of ice in spring reduces water salinity in the north, but it remains high at 34.60–34.70‰ in the south, partly because of the inflow of salty water through the Korea Strait. It is likely that the name “Sea of Japan” derives from the geographical factor that this sea area is mainly separated from the Pacific Ocean by the Japanese archipelago, and the name later became generally accepted worldwide. [19] They also made attempts to catch blue[20] and fin whales,[21] but these species invariably sank after being killed. This hinders water exchange, thereby isolating the water and aquatic life of the Sea of Japan from the neighboring seas and oceans. The Sea of Japan is located between the Asian mainland, Sakhalin, and the Japanese archipelago, which separates the Sea of Japan from the Pacific Ocean. The coastal areas contain several kg/m2 of biomass. Major South Korean ports are Busan, Ulsan, and Pohang situated on the south-eastern coast of the Korean Peninsula, but they also mainly target countries not bordering the Sea of Japan. The Korea Strait is composed of the Western Channel and the Tsushima Strait, on either side of Tsushima Island. Sea of Japan, Japanese Nihon-kai, Russian Yaponskoye More, also called East Sea, Korean Tonghae or Donghae, marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean. There is a regular ferry service across the Strait of Tartary between the Russian continental port of Vanino and Kholmsk in Sakhalin.[28]. Its water balance is mostly determined by the inflow and outflow through the straits connecting it to the neighboring seas and the Pacific Ocean. The Sea of Japan is connected with the East China and Yellow seas in the south through the Korea Strait, with the Pacific Ocean in the east through Tsugaru Strait, and with the Sea of Okhotsk in the north and northeast through La Perouse and Nevel’skoi straits. 3. Japan claims the term has been the international standard since at least the early 19th century, while the Koreas claim that the term "Sea of Japan" arose later while Korea was under Japanese rule, and prior to that occupation other names such as "Sea of Korea" or "East Sea" were used in English. 995x983 / 590 Kb Go to Map. The sea climate is characterized by warm waters and monsoons. The coldest months are January and February with the average air temperature of −20 °C (−4 °F) in the north and 5 °C (41 °F) in the south. Search for articles. They are diurnal at the eastern shore of Korea, Russian Far East and the Japanese islands of Honshū and Hokkaidō. The sea is called Rìběn hǎi (日本海, literally "Japan Sea") or originally Jīng hǎi (鲸海, literally "Whale Sea") in China,[2] Yaponskoye more (Японское море, literally "Japanese Sea") in Russia, Chosŏn Tonghae (조선동해, literally "Korean East Sea") in North Korea, and Donghae (동해, literally "East Sea") in South Korea. Peter the Great Bay, Russian Zaliv Petra Velikogo, inlet, Sea of Japan, northwestern Pacific Ocean, in the Maritime (Primorye) region of far eastern Russia.The bay extends for 115 miles (185 km) from the mouth of the Tumen River (on the Russian-Chinese border) northeast across to Cape Povorotny. This combination results in strong evaporation, which is especially noticeable between October and March when the strong (12–15 m/s [39–49 ft/s] or higher) north-western monsoon wind brings cold and dry continental air. The high concentration of dissolved oxygen results in the rich aquatic life of the Sea of Japan – there are more than 800 species of aquatic plants and more than 3,500 animal species, including more than 900 species of crustaceans, about 1,000 of fish and 26 of mammals. The evaporation is blown further south causing snowfall in the mountainous western coasts of Japan. The Sea of Japan is a classic semienclosed sea, since its connections with adjacent bodies of water are greatly restricted by the narrow straits. So at the latitude of Peter the Great Gulf, the water temperature is about 0 °C (32 °F) in the west and 5–6 °C (41–43 °F) in the east. Japan Max 238 Commercial Blvd , Lauderdale By The Sea, FL 33308 Japan Sea Sushi Food Supply LLC 6214 Highway 182 E , Morgan City, LA 70380 Sea Forest(Ishigakijima) 2-736 Ibaruma Ishigaki-shi Okinawa 907-0332 Japan , Ishigaki Island, 907-0332 Its area is 377,600 square miles (978,000 square km). Mcq Added by: admin. Yamato Ridge consists of granite, rhyolite, andesite, and basalt, with boulders of volcanic rock scattered on the seabed. A branch of the Kuroshio (Japan Current), the Tsushima Current, together with its northern branch, the East Korea Warm Current, flows north, bringing warmer and more saline water before flowing into the Pacific through the Tsugaru Strait as the Tsugaru Current, as well as into the Sea of Okhotsk through the La Perouse Strait as the Sōya Current. The Sea of Japan (see below for other names) is the marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago, Sakhalin, the Korean Peninsula, and the Russian mainland. Pelagic (oceanic) fishes include mackerel, horse mackerel, sardines, anchovies, herring, fishes of the salmon and trout family, sea bream, and squid; the demersal (sea-bottom) category includes cod, Alaskan pollack (bluefish), and Atka mackerel. The major Russian port of Vladivostok mainly serves inland cargos, whereas Nakhodka and Vostochny are more international and have a busy exchange with Japan and South Korea. It has an uneven bottom covered with boulders of volcanic rock. 1731x2386 / 2,31 Mb Go to Map. [28], There are three distinct continental shelves in the northern part (above 44° N). Japan strongly opposes unfounded arguments concerning the name “ Sea of Japan ” and is calling for a better understanding of the issue and support for Japan's position from the international community in order to maintain the sole use of the name, “ Sea of Japan. … To the east it is also connected with the Inland Sea of Japan by the Kanmon Strait and to the Pacific by the Tsugaru Strait. Like the Mediterranean Sea, it has almost no tides due to its nearly complete enclosure from the Pacific Ocean. This isolation also affects faunal diversity and salinity, both of which are lower than in the open ocean. [12], This article incorporates CC-BY-2.0 text from this reference:[27], Marginal sea between Japan, Russia and Korea. The shorelines are relatively straight and are lacking large bays or capes; the coastal shapes are simplest for Sakhalin and are more winding in the Japanese islands. [7] In 2012, the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), the intergovernmental organization that maintains a publication listing the limits of ocean and sea areas around the world, abandoned its most recent of several attempts in the last 25 years to revise its publication of the sea's name. It is separated from the North Pacific Ocean by the Japanese Archipelago and Sakhalin. The Sea of Japan The Sea of Japan is located between the Asian mainland, Sakhalin, and the Japanese archipelago, which separates the Sea of Japan from the Pacific Ocean. Seabed down to 300 m (980 ft) is of continental nature and is covered with a mixture of mud, sand, gravel and fragments of rock. Where is the Puerto Rico Trench? From the extremity of Siriya Saki (141°28′ E) to the extremity of Esan Saki (41°48′ N). Oil Reserves B. Icebergs in water C. Fishing Area D. Mineral Water. This was primarily because of the lack of agreement between the Koreas and Japan over the naming issue. Apart from tides, the water level also experiences seasonal, monsoon-related variations across the entire sea with the highest levels observed in summer and lowest in winter. Guests can sit by one o… Although it operates in the northern seas, its production is processed and partly distributed in the Vladivostok area. The U.S. Navy has refuted claims made by Russia that an American warship was driven out of the Sea of Japan, and maintained that the Arleigh Burke … The Japanese government supports the exclusive use of the name "Sea of Japan" (日本海), while South Korea supports the alternative name "East Sea" (Korean: 동해; Hanja: 東海), and North Korea supports th… Chapter; Aa; Aa; Get access. Historically, the name“Sea of Japan” was first established in Europe from the late 18th century to the early 19th century,and has been used for more than 200 years. The Noto Peninsula is a peninsula that projects north into the Sea of Japan from the coast of Ishikawa Prefecture in central Honshū, the main island of Japan. Vladivostok is also a terminal point of the Trans-Siberian Railway which brings many goods to and from this major port. According to the U.S. Pacific Fleet, the McCain’s FONOP challenged Russia’s claim of sovereignty over Peter the Great Bay, a large bay on the Sea of Japan that stretches a … This east-west difference drops to 1–2 °C (34–36 °F) in summer, and the temperatures rise to 18–20 °C (64–68 °F) in the north and 25–27 °C (77–81 °F) in the south.[28]. The intensity of shipments across the sea has been moderate owing to political issues, but it is steadily increasing as a result of the growth of East Asian economies. The enclosed nature of the Sea of Japan and its three deep basins facilitate the formation of distinct water masses. The Sea of Japan is connected with the East China and Yellow seas in the south through the Korea Strait, with the Pacific Ocean in the east through Tsugaru Strait, and with the Sea of Okhotsk in the north and northeast through La Perouse and Nevel’skoi straits. [12], Water temperature is mostly affected by exchange with the atmosphere in the northern part of the sea and by the currents in the southern part. The map is very versatile with a strong naval focus. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°N 135°E / 40°N 135°E / 40; 135. It is bounded by Japan and Sakhalin Island to the east and by Russia and Korea on the Asian mainland to the west. There is controversy as to whether or not this happened, turning the Sea of Japan into a huge cold inland lake.[29]. In 1849, another Russian explorer Gennady Nevelskoy discovered the strait between the continent and Sakhalin and mapped the northern part of the Strait of Tartary. The water is shallow in the Yamato Basin. The oldest of these are the Tsugaru and Tsushima straits, the formation of which interrupted the migration of elephants into the Japanese islands at the end of the Neogene Period (about 2.6 million years ago); the most recent is La Perouse Strait, which was formed about 60,000 to 11,000 years ago and which closed the route used by the mammoths whose fossils have been found in Hokkaido. On the Southeast. It had long been navigated by Asian and, from the 18th century, by European ships. A line joining Sôni Misaki and Nishi Notoro Misaki (45°55′ N). In the 1780s, the Frenchman Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, traveled northward across the sea through the strait later named after him. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Geophysical investigation has revealed that, while the ridge is of continental origin, the Japan Basin and the Yamato Basin are of oceanic origin. The returning branch is composed of the Liman, North Korea and Central (or Mid-) Japan Sea currents which bring fresh and cold water along the Asian coast to the south. The sea has magnetite sands as well as natural gas and petroleum fields near the northern part of Japan and Sakhalin Island. The aquatic life was described by V. K. Brazhnikov in 1899–1902 and P. Yu. In November 2020, the IHO approved a proposal that supports the use of Sea of Japan name alone in official nautical charts.[9][10][11]. In the north the surface layer (down to 15 m or 49 ft) may heat up to 18–20 °C (64–68 °F). Due to its inclusion by these land masses, it has practically no tide changes. Heating by the sun and tropical monsoons increases the depth gradient in spring–summer. In Simonoseki Kaikyo. [32][33], Vladivostok is a base for the Russian whaling fleet. It is bordered by Japan, North Korea, Russia and South Korea. The coastal length is about 7,600 km (4,700 mi) with the largest part (3,240 km or 2,010 mi) belonging to Russia. From December to March the prevailing northwest monsoon wind carries cold and dry polar air over the sea’s warm waters, which results in persistent snowfall along the mountainous coasts of Japan. The Name East Sea Used for Two Millennia. A bay at Sibiryakov Island, 50 km (31 mi) south from Vladivostok. The South China Sea isn’t the only arena in Asia’s waters where China’s territorial claims are stoking tensions. The Japanese scientific studies of the sea began only in 1915 and became systematic since the 1920s. Suchergebnisse für: sea of japan. [14] Most entered the sea via Korea Strait[15] and left via La Pérouse Strait,[16] but some entered and exited via Tsugaru Strait. Other prominent Russian ports are Sovetskaya Gavan, Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky and Kholmsk, and the major ports of North Korea are Wonsan, Hamhung and Chongjin. It has a carrot-like shape, with the major axis extending from south-west to north-east and a wide southern part narrowing toward the north. Fukuoka N. (1966). Squid is mostly caught near the sea center and salmon near the northern and south-western shores. [30] The Sea of Japan meets these conditions as it has frequent winds and cloudy skies, as well as compact, tall islands such as Rishiri (1,721 m or 5,646 ft), Ulleungdo (984 m or 3,228 ft) and Ōshima (732 m or 2,402 ft). A. From a distance, the two islands of Antipenko (left) and Sibiryakov (right). Mammals are represented by seals and whales (ancient name for the basin in Chinese was "Sea of Whales"[2]), and the crustaceans by shrimps and crabs. Established on the Shinano river mouth (the longest river in Japan) and crossed by Agano river, the city thrived with international trade in the 19th century. Sea of Japan’ is famous for_____? The Sea of Japan (or the Japan Sea) is a sea area located along the northeastern part of the Asian continent. Yamato Ridge is of continental origin and is composed of granite, rhyolite, andesite and basalt. Because it is almost completely closed off from the Pacific Ocean it has almost no tidal activity and … [27] The land area had expanded northward in the Late Miocene. This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 14:33. The Sea of Japan (see below for other names) is the marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago, Sakhalin, the Korean Peninsula, and the Russian mainland. It can be divided into three basins: The Northern Japan basin is the deepest area of the Yamato basin lies in the Southeast, and the Tsushima basin in the southwest. A line running from Nagoya Saki (130°49′,5 E) in Kyûsyû through the islands of Uma Sima and Muture Sima (33°58′,5 N) to Murasaki Hana (34°01′ N) in Honsyû. As world sea level dropped during the advance of the last Ice Age, the exit straits of the Sea of Japan one by one dried and closed. The bottom of this part is relatively flat, but has a few plateaus. The winter monsoon brings rough seas and causes coastal erosion along the western coasts of Japan. Water has a specific heat of 4.19 kJ/kg°C so heating the whole basin to 100° would be 1.8e18 * (100-10) * 4.19 kJ/kg°C = 6.8e20 kJ.Furthermore, the latent heat of water at 100°C is 2.26 MJ/kg. The Defense Ministry said the two Su-34 jets, each with a crew of two, collided while maneuvering and went down 35 kilometers (22 miles) from the shore. Schmidt in 1903–1904. In 1803–1806, the Russian navigator Adam Johann von Krusenstern while sailing across the globe in the ship Nadezhda also explored, in passing, the Sea of Japan and the eastern shores of Japanese islands. A couple of them include Watanabe-tei, a traditional Japanese house once belonging to rich merchants that housed both their homes and workplace. This winter monsoon brings typhoons and storms with the waves reaching 8–10 m (26–33 ft) which erode the western coasts of Japan. As a result of the enclosed nature of the sea, its waters form clearly separated layers which may show seasonal and spatial dependence. The intensity of shipments across the sea is moderate, owing to the cold relations between many bordering countries. Ice melting in spring results in cold currents in the northern areas. It is confirmed that the name 'Sea of Japan' is authorized by the United Nations which is the most comprehensive and neutral international organization with the participation of 192 member states including both Japan and the Republic of Korea (ROK), and the most proper forum to represent the collective will of the international community. The demersal (sea-bottom) fishes include cod, pollock and Atka mackerel. Tsunami waves were also recorded in the sea. Nowadays the Sea of Japan is bounded by the Russian mainland and Sakhalin island to the north, the Korean Peninsula to the west, and the Japanese islands of Hokkaidō, Honshū and Kyūshū to the east and south. [13], Few rivers flow into the Sea of Japan from mainland Asia, the largest being Tumen,[13] Rudnaya, Samarga, Partizanskaya and Tumnin; all of them have mountainous character. "Terrestrial invasion of pomatiopsid gastropods in the heavy-snow region of the Japanese Archipelago". [12] Because of the shallow straits connecting the sea with Pacific Ocean, the Sea of Japan has no characteristic oceanic deep-water fauna. Updates? Oceanic Histories. The Sea of Japan influences the climate of Japan because of its relatively warm waters; evaporation is especially noticeable in winter, when an enormous quantity of water vapour rises in the region between the cold, dry polar air mass and the warm, moist tropical air mass. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. To the north it is approximately bounded by latitude 51°45′ N, while to the south it is bounded by a line drawn from the Japanese island of Kyushu westward through the Gotō Islands of Japan to the South Korean island of Cheju and then northward to the Korean Peninsula. In 1796, a British naval officer, William Robert Broughton explored the Strait of Tartary, the eastern coast of the Russian Far East and the Korean Peninsula. The northern part of the sea, especially off the Siberian coast as well as in the Tatar Strait, freezes in winter; as a result of convection, melted ice feeds the cold currents in that part of the sea in spring and summer. They also documented the cyclonal character of the sea currents. For centuries, the sea had protected Japan from land invasions, particularly by the Mongols. Currents in the surface layer move in the counterclockwise direction. Similar low tides are observed in Hokkaidō, Honshū and south Sakhalin. There are no large islands in the sea. In summer the southerly tropical monsoon blows from the North Pacific onto the Asian mainland, causing dense fog when its warm and moist winds blow over the cold currents that prevail over the northern part of the sea at that season. In the Tsugaru Kaikô. The oldest of them are the Tsugaru and Tsushima straits. Most other areas of the sea are of oceanic origin. Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, North Pacific Exploring and Surveying Expedition, "Tides in Marginal, Semi-Enclosed and Coastal Seas – Part I: Sea Surface Height". What is the world’s largest inland sea? It can be divided into three basins: The Northern Japan basin is the deepest area of the Yamato basin lies … Japan’s mild climate is greatly affected by the warm waters of the Sea of Japan. Most of the smaller ones are near the eastern coast, except for Ulleungdo (South Korea). The Sea of Japan is located between the Asian mainland, Sakhalin, and the Japanese archipelago, which separates the Sea of Japan from the Pacific Ocean. Ice cover is continuous only in the bays and forms floating patches in the open sea. It is mainly carried out on and near the continental shelves and focuses on herring, sardines and bluefin tuna. A typical variation of salinity across the sea in summer is 31.5‰ to 34.5‰ from north to south. The Sea of Japan is home to one of the world's most productive fisheries, accounting for nearly 5 percent of the global fish catch in 2009. Available for sale from Marian Goodman Gallery, Hiroshi Sugimoto, Sea of Japan, Hokkaido (1986), Gelatin silver print, 50.8 × 61 cm There they merge into the Tsugaru Current and flow into the Pacific Ocean through the Tsugaru Strait. On the North. Efforts of the Government of Japan in Response to the Issue of the Name of the Sea of Japan (1) The 8th UNCSGN, "Japanese Basic Position on the Naming of the "Japan Sea, "Legitimacy for Restoring the Name East Sea", Agency rejects South Korea's request to rename Sea of Japan, "IHO approves proposal that maintains exclusive use of 'Japan Sea' | The Japan Times", "Seoul, Tokyo Differ in Interpreting IHO Approval of Sea Name | KBS WORLD Radio", "IHO approves use of 'Japan Sea' as sole designation",, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries 2005. [12] The timing and extent of freezing vary from year to year, so ice may start forming in the bays as early as in October and its remains may be seen even in June. The Japanese archipelago separates the sea from the Pacific Ocean. [12] All the straits are rather shallow with a minimal depth of the order of 100 meters or less. The Island Nation stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. It is the lowest at 33.8‰ in the south-east and south-west because of frequent rains and remains at about 34.09‰ in most other parts. Rainfall, evaporation and riverine inflow make only 1% of the water balance. Check if you have access via personal or institutional login. The Sea of Japan seen from the south of Slavyanka. SEA OF JAPAN . The amplitude of the tides is relatively low and strongly varies across the sea. You can also use partial terms in our search to find suitable content in our articles. "On the distribution patterns of the so-called Japan Sea elements confined to the Sea of Japan region". On the Southwest. Between October and April, the outflow exceeds the inflow due to the lower income through the Korea Strait; this balance reverses between May and September.[28][13]. The Japanese archipelago separates the sea from the Pacific Ocean. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Sea of Japan physical map. Associate Professor of Geography, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu. Water has a specific heat of 4.19 kJ/kg°C so heating the whole basin to 100° would be 1.8e18 * (100-10) * 4.19 kJ/kg°C = 6.8e20 kJ.Furthermore, the latent heat of water at 100°C is 2.26 MJ/kg. [17] They primarily targeted right whales,[18] but began catching humpbacks as right whale catches declined. The warmest month is August with the average air temperature of 15 °C (59 °F) in the north and 25 °C (77 °F) in the south. Winter temperatures are 0 °C (32 °F) or below in the north and 10–14 °C (50–57 °F) in the south. Walking Tour Video: Noto Peninsula, MITSUKEJIMA ISLAND In Japan (2020) Video November 22, 2020 boomersdaily Leave a comment. It has a mean depth of 5,748 feet (1,752 metres) and a maximum depth of 12,276 feet (3,742 metres). They are rich in dissolved oxygen, especially in the western and northern parts, which are colder and have more phytoplankton than the eastern and southern areas. 1954-Sea of Japan. The temperature would sharply drop to 4 °C (39 °F) at 50 m (160 ft), then slowly decrease to 1 °C (34 °F) at 250 m (820 ft) and remain so down to the seabed. However, in central-southern parts, it may be 8–10 °C (46–50 °F) down to 100–150 m (330–490 ft), 2–4 °C (36–39 °F) at 200–250 m (660–820 ft), 1.0–1.5 °C (33.8–34.7 °F) at 400–500 m (1,300–1,600 ft) and then remain at about 0 °C (32 °F) until the bottom. Article 1 to 1 from 1 total. Prominent capes include Lazareva, Peschanyi (sandy), Povorotny, Gromova, Pogibi, Tyk, and Korsakova in Russia; Crillon on Sakhalin; Sōya, Nosappu, Tappi, Nyuda, Rebun, Rishiri, Okushiri, Daso and Oki in Japan;[28][13] and Musu Dan in North Korea. Sunset on Little Verkhovsky Islands [ru] near Vladivostok. However, Japan claims that the name "Sea of Japan" has been used internationally since the 17th century and was established by the early 19th century. Wind may also locally change the water level by 20–25 cm (7.9–9.8 in); for example, it is higher in summer at the Korean and lower at the Japanese coasts. The most recent is La Perouse Strait, which formed about 60,000 to 11,000 years ago closing the path used by mammoths which had earlier moved to northern Hokkaidō. In La Perouse Strait (Sôya Kaikyô). Sea of Japan (East Sea) is a Real World random map introduced in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors. The four straits connecting the sea either to the Pacific Ocean or to marginal seas were formed in recent geologic periods. It defines the geography of nations, and even more colors the very cultures and character of the people living along its shores or in the mountains towering above it. A naming dispute exists about the sea name, with South Korea promoting the English translation of its native name as the East Sea. The sea has no large islands, bays or capes. The most significant islands are Moneron, Rebun, Rishiri, Okushiri, Ōshima, Sado, Okinoshima, Ulleungdo, Askold, Russky and Putyatin.

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