The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. Category:Pennines. Here the shales and sandstones of the Millstone Grit form high hills occupied by moorland covered with bracken, peat, heather and coarse grasses;[36] the higher ground is uncultivable and barely fit for pasture. They are surrounded on the east, west, and south by the Vale of York, the The first two tunnels were replaced by Woodhead 3, which was longer at 3 miles 66 yards (4860m). Larger population centres are in the foothills and lowlands fringing the southern Pennine range, such as Barnsley, Chesterfield, Halifax, Huddersfield, Macclesfield, Oldham, Rochdale, and Stockport but most of the northern Pennine range is thinly populated. [10] Parts of the Pennines are incorporated into the Peak District National Park and Yorkshire Dales National Park. Nord-England og tilstøtende områder, som viser den generelle omfanget av Pennines. Sykdommen ble første gang påvist under koronavirusutbruddet i Wuhan i Kina i desember 2019. Bertram was responsible (at most) with popularizing the name against other contenders such as Daniel Defoe's "English Andes". The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. The Howgill Fells[7] and Orton Fells[8] are sometimes considered to be part of the Pennines, both inside the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Erosion of the limestone has led to geological formations, such as the limestone pavements at Malham Cove. Zone 8 is common throughout most of the UK, and zone 7 is the UK's coldest hardiness zone. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or simply the United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign country in Western Europe.It is a constitutional monarchy that is made up of four separate countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, NATO and the G8.It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in … The folklore and customs are mostly based on Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and Viking customs and folklore. In some parts, the trail has been re-routed as the numbers of hikers were causing substantial erosion. Pennines. At the time of its completion in 1845, Woodhead 1 was one of the world's longest railway tunnels at a length of 3 miles 13 yards (4,840 m); it was the first of several trans-Pennine tunnels including the Standedge and Totley tunnels, which are only slightly longer. The Pennines are a mountain range in England. The route passes through the counties of Derbyshire, West Yorkshire, Lancashire, North Yorkshire, Cumbria and Northumberland.It is part of the National Cycle Network (NCN). The Aire Gap links Lancashire and Yorkshire via the valleys of the Aire and Ribble. The South Pennines is a region of moorland and hill country in northern England lying towards the southern end of the Pennines.In the west it includes the Rossendale Valley and the West Pennine Moors.It is bounded by the Greater Manchester conurbation in the west and the Bowland Fells and Yorkshire Dales to the north. Coordinates. Coordinates. The Pennines were an obstacle for Anglo-Saxon expansion westwards, although it appears the Anglo-Saxons travelled through the valleys. Titan in the Peak District, the deepest shaft known in Britain, is connected to Peak Cavern in Castleton, Derbyshire, the largest cave entrance in the country. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Language; Watch; Edit; Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pennines (hills). Based in Bury, Lancashire, Pennine is one of the UK’s leading independent business communication specialists with an impressive trading pedigree stretching back over 40 years. [56] As the Ice age glacial sheets retreated c. 11,500 BC trees returned and archaeological palynology can identify their species. Not to be confused with Category:Pennine Alps . Principal peaks in the Forest of Bowland include Ward's Stone 1,841 ft (561 m), Fair Snape Fell 1,710 ft (521 m), and Hawthornthwaite Fell 1,572 ft (479 m). The region is widely considered to be one of the most scenic areas of the United Kingdom. The Pennine Cycleway is a Sustrans-sponsored route in the Pennines range in northern England, an area often called the "backbone of England". The River Trent flows around the southern end of the Pennines and northwards on the eastern side taking water from tributaries, principally the Dove and Derwent. The main article for this category is Pennines. Considerable areas of the Pennines are protected as UK national parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs). The A66 road, its summit at 1,450 feet (440 m), follows the course of a Roman road from Scotch Corner to Penrith through the Stainmore Gap between the Eden Valley in Cumbria and Teesdale in County Durham. The Pennine climate is generally temperate like that of the rest of England, but the hills have more precipitation, stronger winds and colder weather than the surrounding areas. [57], "In digging it away they frequently find vast fir trees, perfectly sound, and some oaks ...". Each of the structures consists of Carboniferous limestone overlain with Millstone Grit. The Trent and Ouse meet and enter the Humber at Trent Falls. Historie. English Wikipedia has an article on: Pennines. The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. Pennines, major upland mass forming a relief “backbone,” or “spine,” in the north of England, extending southward from Northumberland into Derbyshire. It is not an ancient name, but the similarity of the two mountain ranges appealed to the classically educated. Other AONBs are Nidderdale east of the Yorkshire Dales, and the Bowland Fells, including Pendle Hill, west of the Yorkshire Dales. More snow falls on the Pennines than on surrounding lowland areas due to the elevation and distance from the coast; unlike lowland areas of England, the Pennines can have quite severe winters. Penniner - Pennines. Pennines Range of hills in n England, extending from the Tyne Gap and Eden Valley on the border with Scotland to the valley of the River Trent. Proper noun . [13] In fact, Redmonds found repeated comparisons with the Italian Apennines going back at least as early as William Camden (1551–1623),[18] many of whose placenames and ideas Bertram incorporated into his work. [citation needed] Many customs and stories have their origin in Christianised pagan traditions. The Southern Pennines Rural Regeneration Company (No. [40] The springs at Buxton and Ashbourne are exploited to produce bottled mineral water and there are approximately 2,700 farms in the National Park. [9] The North Pennines and Nidderdale are designated Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), as are Bowland and Pendle Hill. During the Early Middle Ages, the Cumbric language developed. The line was closed in 1981. Celtic speech remained in most areas of the Pennines longer than it did in the surrounding areas of England. In the Dales and the White Peak, limestone exposure has caused the formation of large cave systems and watercourses. [41] The South Pennines are predominantly industrial, with the main industries including textiles, quarrying and mining,[42] while other economic activities within the South Pennines include tourism and farming. [45] In the Yorkshire Dales, tourism accounts for £350 million of expenditure every year while employment is mostly dominated by farming, accommodation and food sectors. The eastern side is drier than the west—the rain shadow shields northeast England from rainfall that would otherwise fall there. Media in category "Pennines (hills)" The following 67 files are in this category, out of 67 total. In the south the Peak District is essentially a flat-topped dome. Little evidence of Cumbric remains, so it is difficult to ascertain whether or not it was distinct from Old Welsh. [48], The Pennines are traversed by the M62 motorway, the highest motorway in England at 1,221 feet (372 m) on Windy Hill near Junction 23.[48]. In the North Pennines are: 40% of the UK's upland hay meadows; 30% of England's upland heathland and 27% of its blanket bog; 80% of England's black grouse (and also breeding short-eared owl, ring ouzel, common snipe and common redshank); 36% of the AONB designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest; red squirrels, otters and rare arctic alpine plants; 22,000 pairs of breeding waders and one of England's biggest waterfalls – High Force. The Peak District consists of hills, plateaus and valleys, divided into the Dark Peak with moorlands and gritstone edges, and the White Peak with limestone gorges. The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. A Pennines földrajzi nevei nyomokban őrzik a valamikor itt élt kelták és rómaiak hagyatékát. The trail stretches for 268 miles (431 km) from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and Northumberland National Park and ends at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". The name of the Pennines, the Backbone of Britain, is taken from that of the Apennines, the Backbone of Italy. By 6500 BC temperatures were warmer and woodlands covered 90% of the dales with mostly pine, elm, lime and oak. The Pennines, Scottish Highlands, Southern Uplands and Snowdonia are the only areas of the UK in zone 7. When England was unified the Pennines were incorporated. Féach freisin. The Pennines are fringed by extensive lowlands including the Eden Valley, West Lancashire Coastal Plain, Ch… The tunnel was opened by the transport minister Alan Lennox-Boyd on 3 June 1954. [13] He found that the derivation from Bertram was widely believed and considered uncomfortable. 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