By the late 8th century, Essex had become a dependency of the kingdom of Mercia British Dictionary definitions for Essex (2 of 2) Essex2 Updated June 2020. It was initially the most important city in Roman Britain and in it they established a temple to the God-Emperor Claudius. London Southend Airport, once one of Britain's busiest airports, opened a new runway extension, terminal building and railway station in March 2012. A significant Roman force attempting to relieve Colchester was destroyed in pitched battle, known as the Massacre of the Ninth Legion. [3] The Liberal Democrats remain as the official Opposition, despite winning fewer votes. Annual expenditure can vary greatly, depending on the circumstances of the individual council. Who does what in Essex. Basildon is the location of State Street Corporation's United Kingdom HQ International Financial Data Services and remains heavily dependent on London for employment, due to its proximity and direct transport routes. The county town is Chelmsford, the only city in the county. Freedom is a necessity, and you find it difficult to settle down. The Siege of Colchester followed, but after ten weeks starvation and news of Royalist defeats elsewhere led the Royalists to surrender.[39]. Essex (/ˈɛsɪks/) is a county in the southeast[3][4] of England, northeast of London. Pronounce Essex [ 2 syll. in use and linking that to Hundred organisation, A link to show the term Rochford Pen. The local representatives are elected in parts in local elections, held every year.[51]. The M25 is London's orbital motorway which redistributes traffic across the London area. Originally recorded in AD 527, Essex occupied territory to the north of the River Thames, incorporating all of what later became Middlesex (which probably included Surrey) and most of what later became Hertfordshire. The rebels then proceeded to sack London and St Albans, with Tacitus estimating that 70–80,000 people were killed in the destruction of the three cities. (Rodney Stone, by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle), "The pitcher goes so often to the well that it comes home broken at last.". John Speed in his Historie of Great Britaine (1611) follows Verstegan in his descriptions of the arms of Erkenwyne, but he qualifies the statement by adding "as some or our heralds have emblazed".[55]. Essex has several smaller airfields, some of which owe their origins to military bases built during World War I or World War II, giving pleasure flights or flying lessons; these include Clacton Airfield, Earls Colne Airfield and Stapleford Aerodrome. es-sex, ess-ex] The baby boy name Essex is pronounced EH S-ihS †. Learn more. The administrative county was formed in 1889, and has reduced in size since that time. For certain services the three authorities co-operate through joint arrangements, such as the Essex fire authority. Team Essex Volleyball Club is Chelmsford's national league volleyball club. Housing. At the same time, parts of the parishes of Helions Bumpstead, Sturmer, Kedington and Ballingdon-with-Brundon were transferred to Suffolk. The areas closest to London are the most densely settled, though the Metropolitan Green Belt has prevented the further sprawl of London into the county. [6] These estuaries mean the county's North Sea coast is characterised by three major peninsulas, each named after the Hundred based on the peninsula: A consequence of these features is that the broad estuaries defining them have been a factor in preventing any transport infrastructure linking them to neighbouring areas on the other side of the river estuaries, to the north and south. In the 2016 EU referendum, 62.3% of voters in Essex voted to leave the EU, with all 14 District Council areas voting to leave, the smallest margin being in Uttlesford. There were two principal distinctions, the first that the Postal County of Hertfordshire extended deep into west Essex, with Stansted isolated as an exclave of postal Essex. A variant form of Essex is the name Esex. What does ESSEX stand for? [51] These Councils have no statutory duties but can contribute to local life in a range of ways, such as maintaining allotments and open spaces, to crime prevention and providing recreation facilities. Looking for online definition of ESEX or what ESEX stands for? Defunct teams include the Essex Pirates basketball team, as well as speedway teams the Lakeside Hammers (formerly Arena Essex Hammers), the Rayleigh Rockets and the Romford Bombers. In 1998, the boroughs of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock were separated from the administrative county of Essex after successful requests to become unitary authorities.[43][44]. The prior, impressed by their devotion, bestowed upon them a flitch of bacon. Essex. Money, debt and benefits. Many famous sports stars have come from or trained in Essex. [22] It has a station on the Shenfield to Southend Line, with a direct link to London. In 1588 Tilbury Fort was chosen as the focal point of the English defences against King Philip II’s Spanish Armada, and the large veteran army he had ordered to invade England. As of 2020–21, both teams are in League Two. University Campus Suffolk, with a main campus in Ipswich and five centres in the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, is a joint venture between University of Essex and East Anglia polytechnic. The earliest reference to the arms of the East Saxon kings was by Richard Verstegan, the author of A Restitution of Decayed Intelligence (Antwerp, 1605), claiming that "Erkenwyne king of the East-Saxons did beare for his armes, three [seaxes] argent, in a field gules". [52], Education in Essex is substantially provided by three authorities: Essex County Council and the two unitary authorities, Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock. The initiative seeks to engage younger people in the county and rely on the youth councillors of all status to work closely with schools and youth centres to improve youth services in Essex and help promote the opinions of Essex youth. The establishment of the Colonia is thought to have involved extensive appropriation of land from local people, this and other grievances led to the Trinovantes joining their northern neighbours, the Iceni, in the Boudiccan revolt. Southend Pier is in the Guinness Book of Records as the longest pleasure pier in the world. There are four radial commuter routes into the capital: The A120 is a major route heading west from the ports of Harwich and Felixstowe (Suffolk) and, like the A12, the route was in use during the Roman period and, in part at least, before then. Their capital was the oppidum (a type of town) of Colchester, Britain's oldest recorded town, which had its own mint. Their powers and duties range, Town and parish councils have the right to become statutory consultees at both district and county level and, although the decision remains with the planning authorities, local councils can influence the decision-making process by making informed comments and recommendations.[51]. Births, marriages/civil partnerships and death registration, roads, libraries and archives, refuse disposal, most of state education, of social services and of transport are provided at the county level.[3]. (2002) A Guide to the Roman Remains in Britain (Fourth Edition). Waste and recycling. The invaders established a number of castles in the county, to help protect the new elites in a hostile country. Colchester is a garrison town and the local economy is helped by the Army's personnel living there. A high proportion of the population, especially in the south, work outside the county, commuting to London and elsewhere by rail and by road. After the Norman Conquest, county rather than shire became the more usual term in England's main sub-divisions, but their boundaries and role remained the same. The Green Belt was initially a narrow band of land, but subsequent expansions meant it was able to limit the further expansion of many of the commuter towns close to the capital. canvey island, essex was one of the few places to submit a realistic bid against london for the 2012 olympics. • ESSEX (noun) The noun ESSEX has 1 sense:. What we stand for Our mission is: to continue to meet the principles of the NHS identified in 1948, that good healthcare should be available to all, regardless of ability to pay. The Ceremonial County is the area represented by the Lord Lieutenant of Essex. With the exception of major towns, such as Colchester, Chelmsford and Southend-on-Sea, the county is rural, with many small towns, villages and hamlets largely built in the traditional materials of timber and brick, with clay tile or thatched roofs. Over 14,000 buildings have listed status in the county and around 1,000 of those are recognised as of Grade I or II* importance. Its men's 1st team currently competes in the top division in the country, the Super 8s, while the women's 1st team competes one tier below the men. There were castles at Colchester, Castle Hedingham, Rayleigh, Pleshey and elsewhere. In 2017, the Conservatives held Thurrock with an increased share of the vote, but a smaller margin of victory. It has 75 councillors, elected from 70 divisions, some of which elect more than one member, but before 1965, the number of councillors reached over 100. At the 2019 general election, Castle Point constituency recorded the highest vote share for the Conservatives in the entire United Kingdom, with 76.7%. After the arrival of the Normans, the Forest of Essex was established as a Royal forest. The county is also home to the Chelmsford Chieftains ice hockey team and the Essex Leopards basketball team. Before the creation of the county councils, county-level administration was limited in nature; lord-lieutenants replaced the sheriffs from the time of Henry VIII and took a primarily military role, responsible for the militia and the Volunteer Force that replaced it. The combined force, bolstered by extra forces, marched towards Royalist held Colchester, but a Parliamentarian force caught up with them just as they were about to enter the city’s medieval walls of Colchester, and a bitter battle was fought but the Royalists were able to retire to the security of the city walls. There are just under 300 town and parish councils within Essex. [3] The Green Party gained two seats on the council, despite its overall share of the vote falling. Your abbreviation search returned 94 meanings. Before the Norman conquest the East Saxons were subsumed into the Kingdom of England. Essex. a county of S England, on the English Channel: crossed by the Hampshire Downs and the South Downs, with the New Forest in the southwest and many prehistoric and Roman remains: the geographical and ceremonial county includes Portsmouth and Southampton, which became independent unitary authorities in 1997. These London-based jobs are often well paid and complement the contribution made by the employers based within Essex. Essex has one horse racing venue, Chelmsford City Racecourse at Great Leighs. ***. Before this, the royal forest at various times included the forests of Writtle (near Chelmsford), long lost Kingswood (near Colchester),[36] Hatfield, and Waltham Forest. ][10] In the Indices of deprivation 2007, Jaywick was identified as the most deprived Lower Super Output Area in Southern England. Most administration was carried out by justices of the peace (JPs) appointed by the Lord-Lieutenant of Essex based upon their reputation. Top ESSEX abbreviation meanings updated December 2020 At the 2013 County Council elections the Conservative Party retained overall control of the council, but its majority fell from twenty-two to four councillors. Dictionary entry overview: What does Essex mean? in use and to describe the name as resulting from the name of the Hundred, link to show the Dengie Pen. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Essex, London and the eastern counties backed Parliament in the English Civil War, but by 1648, this loyalty was stretched. For government statistical purposes, Essex is placed in the East of England region. Rayleigh Weir Stadium and Southend Stadium are former greyhound venues. ; What does ESSEX mean? Variations CREATIVE FORMS (male) Ersex, .. There are also various independent schools particularly, as mentioned above, in rural parts and the west of the county.[53][54]. The county council governs the non-metropolitan county of Essex in England. Southend Airport has scheduled flights to Ireland, the Channel Islands and multiple destinations in Europe. But a campaign to turn the hackneyed clichés on their heads is fast gathering pace. Parish and town councils (local councils) have the same powers and duties, but a town council may elect a town mayor, rather than a chairman, each year in May. What does "Essex" mean? Possible ESSEX meaning as an acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term vary from category to category. [45] The County Hall, made a listed building in 2007, dates largely from the mid-1930s and is decorated with fine artworks of that period, mostly the gift of the family who owned the textile firm Courtaulds. essex. Asked by Wiki User. [55] Epping Forest also prevents the further spread of the Greater London Urban Area. "Essex girls" have long been mocked as thick, promiscuous and lacking in class. 1) much maligned county in south east england. The administrative county excludes Metropolitan Essex, Thurrock, Southend and the much smaller areas transferred in 1889. Essex definition: 1. a county (= area with its own local government) in eastern England 2. a county (= area with its…. (. Pop (excluding unitary authorities): 1 251 000 (2003 est).