Long & Short Term Causes of the Civil War by: Basia Klos SS hour 6 Conflict over slavery between the North and South is a long term cause of the Civil War because it spanned over a very long time. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. If they refused to do so, they were fined the same sum of money it would have cost for a title anyway! Managed by Caboodle UX design studio in London, Citation: C N Trueman "The Causes of the English Civil War", Charles I                         Oliver Cromwell. The causes of the English Civil war covered a number of years. Worcestershire was the county where the first battle and last battle of the English Civil War took place. There is no record of any Ship Money being extensively collected in the areas Charles had wanted it extended to.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'historylearningsite_co_uk-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_19',117,'0','0'])); Charles also clashed with the Scots. However, as a firm believer in the “divine right of kings”, such a relationship was unacceptable to Charles. Actually, the war of 1861 was not a civil war. Actual historians will back me up on this, like David Goldfield who wrote, "Both northerners and southerners recognized slavery as the immediate cause of the Civil War." Your IP: 37.187.50.78 As Charles was short of money to fight the Scots, he had to recall Parliament in 1640 as only they had the necessary money needed to fight a war and the required authority to collect extra money. He refused to pay the new tax as Parliament had not agreed to it. Dr. Ed Ayers ideas were that the Civil War was not caused by slavery at all. Prior to the 17th century, England witnessed two civil wars. Charles was arrogant, conceited and a strong believer in the divine rights of kings. English Protestants were constantly fearful of Catholicism being foisted upon the English, whether through foreign invasion or internal rebellion. What was the immediate outcome of the English Civil War? The first opposed the English nobles to King Henry III. This was historically a tax paid by coastal towns and villages to pay for the upkeep of the navy. By 1642, relations between Parliament and Charles had become very bad. This angered the Scots so much that they invaded England in 1639. Hampden was put on trial and found guilty. Charles decided that everyone in the kingdom benefited from the navy’s protection and that everyone should pay. Charles wanted total rule of England, while Parliament was determined that the people be … He had been a Member of Parliament. To raise money for the king, the Court heavily fined those brought before it. However, he had become a hero for standing up to the king. He ordered that they should use a new prayer book for their church services. The English Civil Wars (there were three, involving all the nations of the British Isles) were some of the most destructive conflicts in British history. Few people could have predicted that the civil war, that started in 1642, would have ended with the public execution of Charles. The English Civil War has many causes but the personality of Charles I must be counted as one of the major reasons. His most famous opponent in this war was Oliver Cromwell  – one of the men who signed the death warrant of Charles. Fought between 1642–1651, the English Civil War saw King Charles I (1600–1649) battle Parliament for control of the English government. The causes of the war started when the king began ignoring the Parliament when making laws and thus angering the people. In this research task, I will explore the different causes that erected this war. Members of Parliament represented the people. government asserted that right by seizing federal property within its states’ borders. Few people could have predicted that the civil war, that started in 1642, would have ended with the public execution of  Charles. He refused to let Parliament meet. Members of Parliament arrived at Westminster to find that the doors had been locked with large chains and padlocks. This was caused by the Civil War because Booth and coconspirators sought to kill the top three leaders of the Union, The President, The Vice President, and The Secretary of State; this would have caused the Union to collapse ("History.com," 2012). Here was Charles attempting to arrest five Members of Parliament simply because they dared to criticise him. Charles II, son of Charles I, became King of England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland in 1660 as a result of the Restoration Settlement. As a result, the En… He was known as the “wisest fool in Christendom”. One of the more powerful men in the nation was John Hampden. How did the English Civil War break out? This caused great offence to those Members of Parliament who believed that they had the right to run the country. In return for the money and as a display of their power, Parliament called for the execution of  “Black Tom Tyrant” – the Earl of Strafford, one of the top advisors of Charles. History Learning Site Copyright © 2000 - 2021. Between 1936 and 1939 over 500,000 people were killed in the Spanish Civil War so this cannot be considered a ‘little’ war that was overshadowed by the problems that were occurring in Europe during these years. He refused to pay the new tax as Parliament had not agreed to it. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. The English Civil War was a conflict between the Parliament and Charles I. In 1920, Spain … For over 50 years, the two territories disputed on the issue of slavery and whether There is no record of any Ship Money being extensively collected in the areas Charles had wanted it extended to. In 1629, Charles copied his father. No king had ever been executed in England and the execution of Charles was not greeted with joy. He found it difficult to believe that a king could be wrong. The Civil War erupted from a variety of long-standing … • One of the more powerful men in the nation was John Hampden. He had witnessed the damaged relationship between his father and Parliament, and considered that Parliament was entirely at fault. At this time Parliament was also not sitting as Charles had locked the MP’s out. Many maintain that the primary cause of the war was the Southern states' desire to preserve the institution of slavery. James expected Parliament to do as he wanted; he did not expect it to argue with any of his decisions. In one sense, Charles was correct, but such was the relationship between him and the powerful men of the kingdom, that this issue caused a huge argument between both sides. The short term causes of the Civil War were the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 and Lincoln's unwillingness to allow the South to secede. When Lincoln was … The Civil War had many causes, some of them were long term causes and some of them were immediate causes. • In 1611, James suspended Parliament and it did not meet for another 10 years. However, he had become a hero for standing up to the king. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. In addition, the English Civil War and the French Revolution were both initiated from the citizen’s unhappiness with the king’s rule. Charles I Oliver Cromwell The English Civil War has many causes but the personality of Charles I must be counted as one of the major reasons. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',129,'0','0'])); Charles I                         Oliver Cromwelleval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',114,'0','0'])); The English Civil War has many causes but the personality of Charles I must be counted as one of the major reasons. A civil war is a conflict between two or more factions trying to take over a government. Charles had a very different personality compared to James. … Civil war - Civil war - Political causes of civil war: Political deprivation, such as colonial subordination or lack of political rights, provides another plausible motivation for resorting to violence. He had been a Member of Parliament. In England, the civil war was a rebellion by parliament against the king. It is essential to know that while slavery was the major cause, it was the factors like politics and economy that also contributed towards the war. Parliament and James clashed over. The immediate causes of the English Civil War were religion, money, and power. However, Parliament had one major advantage over James – they had money and he was continually short of it. From 1625 to 1629, Charles argued with parliament over most issues, but money and religion were the most common causes of arguments. The Civil War was the beginning to many significant events, including the execution of Charles I and the rise of the Commonwealth of England. Between 1642 and 1651 there were in fact three English Civil Wars which raged across England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. It was caused by Charles the Ist who believed Kings had a God given right to rule which clashed with a Parliamentary Democracy. What caused the Civil War besides slavery? The Causes of the Spanish Civil War What were the causes of the Spanish Civil War? Rich men were persuaded to buy titles. Battles of the English Civil War: While the most common cause of the Civil war is said to be slavery, there were several other factors involved also. Firstly, England, and specifically Parliament, exhibited a rabid paranoia concerning Catholicism in the 17th century. In 1642, he went to Parliament with 300 soldiers to arrest his five biggest critics. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The long term causes were the problems that seemed to never be solved between the North and South. However, Charles had shown his true side. The immediate cause was Constitutional principle: the U.S. government refused to recognize the southern states’ right to secede from the Union, and the C.S. Parliament was outraged. The reign of Charles I had seen a marked deterioration in the relationship…, Timeline for causes of the English Civil War. Hampden was put on trial and found guilty. ks3 history national curriculum 2014: the development of church, state and society in britain 1509-1745 the causes and events of the civil wars throughout britain Religion caused war because the puritans became enemies of Charles I. Like…, The causes of the English Civil War covered a number of years. These "purifyers" of Catholic practices did not support his Anglican ruling views. WHAT CAUSED THE CIVIL WAR: THE MYTH At the heart of the Myth of the Lost Cause is the insistence that secession, the Confederacy, and the Civil War were all about states’ rights, not slavery. Best one gets all the points =) thanks In 1635 Charles ordered that everyone in the country should pay Ship Money. His most famous opponent in this war was Oliver Cromwell  – one of the men who signed the death warrant of Charles. However, Parliament had one major advantage over James – they had money and he was continually short of it. It was the clash between centralized power and decentralized power, this was played out again in the Revolutionary War and U.S Civil war. After a trial, Strafford was executed in 1641. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This was a belief that God had made someone a king and as God could not be wrong, neither could anyone appointed by him to rule a nation. If Charles was prepared to arrest five Members of Parliament, how many others were not safe? The status of the monarchy had started to decline under the reign of James I. Few people could have predicted that the civil war, that started in … Indeed, several things contributed to the animosity between Parliament and the monarchy, which erupted into armed conflict in 1642. Civil War. His conceit and arrogance were eventually to lead to his execution. Members of Parliament arrived at Westminster to find that the doors had been locked with large chains and padlocks. At this time Parliament was also not sitting as Charles had locked the MP’s out. This myth began almost as soon as the war ended. His elder brother, Henry, died in 1612. He refused to let Parliament meet. Please answer in a sentence or 2. Only six days after trying to arrest the five Members of Parliament, Charles left London to head for Oxford to raise an army to fight Parliament for control of England. Some of the causes of the English Civil War include: lack of money, religion, foreign affairs, and King Charles' personality. In 1629, Charles copied his father. It was caused by misunderstandings, confusions, and miscalculations of the nation as a whole. Pressing Issues That Led to the Civil War. The English Civil war started in 1642 and lasted till at least 1651. Start studying Immediate Causes of the Civil War. They were locked out for eleven years – a period they called the Eleven Years Tyranny. The English Civil War was a highly complex conflict, one which cannot be pinned on one cause alone. The main conflict that sparked the war was the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in 1861. Spain was still not considered a friendly nation to England and many still remembered 1588 and the Spanish Armada. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Issues between King Charles I and British Parliament were the driving force behind the English Civil War. As with many wars, there are long and short term causes. Few people could have predicted that the civil war, that started in 1642, would have ended with the public execution of  Charles. This was one source of James income but Parliament told him that he could not collect it without their permission. During the early phases of the war, the Parliamentarians expected to retain Charles as king, but with expanded powers for Parliament. Cloudflare Ray ID: 613a57cf5ca6dffb If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Many conflicts after 1945 first emerged as groups sought to achieve independence for areas under colonial rule. These were caused by a multitude of political, social, and economic problems residing in the English and French monarchies. Through the study of money, religion and power at this time it is clear that one factor is woven through them all and must be noted as a major cause of the English Civil War; that is the attitude and ineptitude of Charles I himself, perhaps the antithesis of an infallible monarch. Parliament also demanded that Charles get rid of the Court of Star Chamber. The English Civil War has many causes but the personality of Charles I must be counted as one of the major reasons. Even Charles realised that things had broken down between him and Parliament. Charles ruled…, Charles I was born in 1600 in Fife, Scotland. Ok like i said ...What were the immediate causes of the English Civil War? If such a marriage occurred, would the children from it be brought up as Catholics? On this basis alone, the term English Civil War seems entirely inadequate. The logic was that coastal areas most benefited from the navy’s protection. In one sense, Charles was correct, but such was the relationship between him and the powerful men of the kingdom, that this issue caused a huge argument between both sides. Charles had to do as Parliament wished as they had the ability to raise the money that Charles needed. The war began as a result of a conflict over the power of the monarchy and the rights of Parliament. The reason we don't face the specter of another Civil War is because today's Americans don't have yesteryear's spirit of liberty and constitutional respect, and political statesmanship is in short supply. And What were some long- term causes? The English Civil War and its Aftermath The English Civil War and its Aftermath (1642-1658) By Miloud Mehdani, University of Bechar (Algeria) mmehdani@gmail.com. James was a firm believer in the “divine right of kings”. James used his friends to run the country and they were rewarded with titles. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Parliament and James clashed over custom duties. In 1621, James re-called Parliament to discuss the future marriage of his son, Charles, to a Spanish princess. A common explanation is that the Civil War was fought over the moral issue of slavery. The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of civil wars and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers"), mainly over the manner of England's governance and issues of religious freedom. Someone close to the king had already tipped off Parliament that these men were about to be arrested and they had already fled to the safety of the city of London where they could easily hide from the king. A civil war could not be avoided. the english civil war. They were locked out for eleven years – a period they called the Eleven Years Tyranny.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_14',116,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_15',116,'0','1'])); Charles ruled by using the Court of Star Chamber. Charles was the second son of James I. 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