This protein-rich legume species, belonging to the Fabaceae family, has been traditionally used to cure various ailments in many traditional medicines. Cajanus cajan L. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. illeg. The plant is self-fertile. Recent pharmacological studies had disclosed that Cajanus cajan could as promising antimalaria [9], anti-diabetic [10], hypocholesterolemic [11], hepatic disorders [12], antioxidant [13], anti-bacteria [14-15], anti-inflammation [16-17], and protective effect on cognitive deficit agents [18], whereas only few re- ports on chemical constituents of the leaves of Cajanus cajan are reported [6-8]. PMID 24431589. Accordingly, seven sample sites Sodo zuria, Humbo, Abela abaya, Damot woyde, Hobicha from districts, and Tebela and Sodo from town administrations were selected. Var. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Plants produce deep tap roots, they can succeed in poor soils and are extremely drought resistant once established[ 298 , 300 ]. rahar daal in Nepali. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. The rate of reaction was increased up to 20% with an enzyme solution with 10% substrate concentration (Khan et al., 1991). Ripe seeds may be germinated and eaten as sprouts. Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. Pests. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Plants generally prefer a rainfall in the region of 500 - 1,000mm per year, though there are some cultivars that are adapted to wet, humid tropics so long as the soil is well drained[ 300 ]. Arahar in Hindi Arhar in Hindi Congo Pea in language. Leaf fall at maturity adds to the organic matter in the soil and provides additional nitrogen. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Ecology: It is hardy, widely adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally, with 5.9 million cultivated hectares. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Mature seeds are dried and added to soups and stews[ 46 , 300 ]. Cajanus Cajan Seeds - Pigeon Pea - Tropical Plant - Edible | Home & Garden, Yard, Garden & Outdoor Living, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs | eBay! A good companion plant, it is often grown in association with other crops[ 300 ]. Two seeds are often planted per station, thinning to the best plant[ 300 ]. It is , however, sometimes found in grassy habitats in savannahs, shrubland and waste land[ 404 ]. Cajanus bicolor DC. It contains a mixture of compounds including the terpenoid alpha - copaene[ 404 ]. We will not sell or share your email address. Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) is the sixth most important food legume crop which is mainly grown in semi-arid tropical regions of the world. The lipase activity of Cajanus cajan (L. Matri) was found to be at its maximum for up to 1 hour and then declined. At pod maturity, the branches are cut at about 50cm. Pigeon pea may replace soya beans to make tempeh and tahu (fermented products). June 2008. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. harada dali in the Odia language. Sun-dried seeds of Cajanus cajan are reported to contain (per 100 g) 345 calories, 9.9% moisture, 19.5 g protein, 1.3 g fat, 65.5 g carbohydrate, 1.3 g fiber, 3.8 g ash, 161 mg Ca, 285 mg P, 15.0 mg Fe, 55 mg b-carotene equivalent, 0.72 mg thiamine, 0.14 mg riboflavin, and 2.9 mg niacin. The grain is popularly consumed in India, Asia, and Africa. 2. Crude hexane and methanol extracts of Cajanus cajan showed in vitro anti-sickling activity. Introduced in Caucasus, Western Asia, China (including Taiwan), Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malesia, tropical Africa, Madagascar, tropical South America, New Guinea, Australia Duke, J.A. Not known in the wild, the plant is often grown in the tropics and subtropics for its wide range of uses, including food, medicine and fuel. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. "mbaazi" in Tanzania. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Muangman T, Leelamanit W and Klungsupaya P, 2011. L. Uses crop: Cajanus cajan is grown as a pulse crop (crop harvested for dry seed) or eaten green as a vegetable. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. fio-fio. Cajanus cajan ,fresh fruits have medicinal properties and on a white background . Edible Parts: Leaves  Seed  SeedpodEdible Uses: Seed - cooked. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids … The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan . Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. arveja in Ecuador. Often grown as a shade crop for tree crops or vanilla, a cover crop, or occasionally as a windbreak hedge. Horticulture Science, 11, 11-19. Widely cultivated in all tropical and semitropical regions. Common names in English: pigeon-pea, red gram, yellow dhal. Shrub and tree species for energy production. The wood is used in light construction such as in roofing, wattling on carts, tubular wickerwork lining for wells and baskets[ 303 ]. 67. 17, Pages: 90-94. Genus: Cajanus. Ambaty in language. nandolo in Malawi. Amazonia Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. In China, C. scarabaeoides is sometimes used as fodder, and has shown to be effective in reducing diarrhea in cattle. Pronunciation of Cajanus cajan with 1 audio pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Cajanus cajan. (2011). Ripe seeds are eaten roasted too. Common name i: Pigeon pea: Synonym i: Cajanus indicus: Other names i ›Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. doi:10.1007/s13562-011-0088-8. thuvara parippu in Malayalam. It is the main source of protein in vegetarian populations of developing countries and provides nutrition which is not provided by cereals. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. kandi bedalu in Telugu. Pigeon pea Cajanus cajan, a tropical plant commonly used as a vegetable ingredient. This QR Code is unique to this page. Widely cultivated as a vegetable and pulse crop. Harvesting of dwarf varieties can commence 5 months after sowing (8 - 12 months for taller varieties) and continue for several months[ 300 ]. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. A flour made from the seeds is resolutive[ 348 ]. Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. The stems are used as material in making baskets and in thatching. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) [Figures 1 and 2] is a perennial member of . Cajanus cajan (L.) Druce Common names Ambarivatry in language. Terminal (leaf) node. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Habit; 6 Identification. Is a taller plant that is later to mature and is usually grown as a perennial[ 300 ]. * Important announcements and news It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. Cajanus cajan (aka pigeon pea) is a terrestrial medicinal plant native to Asian and African countries before being introduced to the American continent. Het geslacht telt ongeveer 34 soorten die voorkomen in het zuiden en oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een soort komt voor in West-Afrika.. Soorten. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., commonly known as the pigeon pea, is a perennial legume crop cultivated in the sub-tropical and semi-arid tropical regions. Tender leaves are rarely used as a potherb. It can fix Nitrogen. All plant pages have their own unique code. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Download this stock image: Pulses red gram pigeon pea congo pea cajanus cajan cajanus indicus pea pods hanging on plant - hma 221827 - FFYEJ5 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Pigeonpea is found in both annual and perennial forms. 1980a. Very young seeds can be cooked and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes[ 46 , 301 ]. Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan. How to say Cajanus cajan in English? In silico, 40 pigeon pea proteins evaluated had 46% of amino acids associated with DPP-4 inhibition. Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Menu. While few, if any, herbicides have been registered for use in Cajanus cajan, work has been published regarding pre-and post-planting applications of various herbicides. Cajanus acutifolius; Cajanus albicans quinchoncho in Venezuela. The pods are up to 10cm long and 14mm wide[ 200 ]. Technology Assessment, Background papers for innovative biological technologies Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. J. Pharm. Found In: Afghanistan, Africa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua-Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, CAR, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, C™te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guinea, GuinŽe, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Himalayas, Honduras, India*, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Marianas, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Oman, Pacific, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St Lucia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe . A strong, spicy odour, with a new flavour that is not agreeable to everyone[ 298 ]. The plants are often used as brooms[ 272 ]. In: Office of Rev. It can be killed by heavy frost. Seed processing by-products and sometimes the seeds themselves are used as livestock feed (Phatak et al., 1993). It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is an important grain legume crop grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The stems are woody at the base, angular and branching. An enzyme called 'urease' can be extracted from the plant. "The first draft of the pigeonpea genome sequence". Vegetative development starts slowly, but after 2 - 3 months growth accelerates[ 299 ]. Handbook of Energy Crops. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram. C. cajan is also known as its common name, pigeon pea [1–3]. N.A.S. If available other names are mentioned here. The green pods normally contain 3 seeds[ 300 ]. Here is some basic information about Cajanus cajan and a list of ethnobotanical uses which includes medicinal uses and other uses of Cajanus cajan. Crude proteins from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) possess potent SOD-like activity and genoprotective effect against H2O2 in TK6 cells. Contents. Cajanus cajan - Adhaki, Pegion pea. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. Swizzle well and drink. An infusion of the flowers is pectoral[ 348 ]. Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra. Small but flavourful[ 298 ]. It is also often used as a green manure and for soil stabilization. Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops. Seed processing by-products [KEY WORDS] Cajanus cajan; Stilbenes; Flavonoids; Leguminosae [CLC Number] R284.1 [Document code] A [Article ID] 2095-6975(2019)05-0381-06 Introductionï€ The plant Cajanus cajan is one of the representative gen- era in the Leguminosae family. Cajanus cajan. Cajanus cajan basic info. Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed. NewYork. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. General information about Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Himalayas, India. Antsotry in language. A good source of protein[ 298 ]. Young shoots and the green seedpods are used to make a good pectoral infusion[ 348 ]. The hedges can be cut 2 - 3 times a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 - 6 months. 1981a. Pigeon peas are cultivated in more than 25 countries, either as a sole crop or intermixed with cereals, such as sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), or maize (Zea mays), or with other legumes, such as peanuts (Arachis hypogaea). 1981b. Emergence is complete 2 - 3 weeks after sowing. Cytisus cajanus. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Systems used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: UniRule (Expertly curated rules) ARBA (System generated rules) Supporting data. Ambote in language. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. An infusion of the seeds is diuretic[ 348 ]. mbaazi in Kenya. 1983. If you have been in a draught, "don’t feel yourself right,’’ use white pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan, with chadon benni (Eryngium foetidum), boil, put in salt and drink. The leaves are alternate and trifoliate. Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan seeds. Other Uses The stems are of use in basketry and thatching[ 200 ]. toor Dal in Marathi. Ambraty in language. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. The root system is reported to break plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging infiltration, minimizing sedimentation and smothering weeds. Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea. kadyos in Philippines. The sticks are an important household fuel in many areas. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminant diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. USGPO. Cajanus cajan: Taxonomy navigation › Cajanus. 83. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. Cajanus is een geslacht uit de vlinderbloemenfamilie (Leguminosae). gungo pea in Jamaica. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. behliang in the Zomi/Mizo language. 21: 98–112. As with other legumes, it is sometimes used as green manure. It has medicinal applications[ 320 ]. Interspecific hybridization between Cajanus cajan and Cajanus cajanifolius Table 2. There are two main forms of this plant, and many named varieties of each[ 46 , 300 , 301 ]. toor dal or arhar dal. Cajanus cajan, more commonly known as pigeon pea, is a drought-resistant crop important for small scale farmers in semi-arid areas where rainfall is low. Lipase activity in grain legumes. orhor dal in Bengali. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful of leaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbados oil, castor oil, and cooking oil. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) has the potential of fertilizing the soil thereby improving agricultural production and ensure green environmental and ecosystem stability. The leaf juice is taken internally in the treatment of haemorrhages, coughs and diarrhoea[ 272 , 348 ]. var s = '' Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) India, Myanmar, Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya are among the world’s top producers. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. The wood is used in light construction. Ambrevade in language. Unprocessed seed should not be consumed by humans or livestock. The dried stalks and branches are used for fuel[ 320 ]. You will receive a range of benefits including: tuver' in Gujarati. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Int. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Rao SC, Phillips WA, Mayeux HS and Phatak SC, 2003. Agroforestry Services: Alley crop  Agroforestry Services: Crop shade  Agroforestry Services: Nitrogen  Agroforestry Services: Windbreak  Fodder: Bank  Fodder: Insect  Global Crop as Annual  Management: Coppice  Management: Standard  New Perennial Crop  Other Systems: Homegarden  Other Systems: Perennial fallow  Staple Crop: ProteinGrows well in lowland tropical areas up to an elevation of 1,500 metres, though some forms can still do well up to 2,000 metres[ 300 ]. Contents. Close up of Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan kept spreading in the sun for drying after harvested at. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). Firewood crops. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp is a protein-rich legume species belonging to the Fabaceae family. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Agroforestry Uses: A good green manure crop[ 46 , 200 ]. for lesser developed countries. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The heat value, with 1,450 kJ per 100g, is about half as high as the same weight of coal[ 303 ]. The Indian subcontinent, eastern Africa and Central America are the World's three main pigeon pea-producing regions. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. The macerated leaves are used as a deodorant[ 348 ]. Grows best in a sunny position[ 320 ]. An infusion of the leaves is used as a treatment for pulmonary conditions such as coughs and bronchitis[ 348 ]. Amitav Bhattacharya, in Effect of High Temperature on Crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019. Seedpods - cooked[ 300 ]. Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). Pigeon pea is planted as green manure. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), also known as pigeonpea, red gram, tur, pwa kongo in Haiti, or as gungo peas in Jamaica, is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae.Since its domestication in the Indian subcontinent at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. The seed is usually round or oval and up to 8mm in diameter[ 300 ]. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. It is used in the treatment of sore throats[ 200 ]. Ambatribe in language. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful ofleaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbadosoil, castor oil, and cooking oil. Pigeon Pea, Puerto Rico Bean, Gandul, Dhal, Congo Pea. Paper 1. p. 89–150. Additional uses. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. The grain is popularly consumed in India, Asia, and Africa. Major pests A relatively low-yielding crop, yields of up to 5 tonnes per hectare of pods, or 1 tonne of seeds can be achieved[ 300 , 404 ]. unpublished. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. This medicinal species is also called di erent things depending on its location of growth [1,2]. In addition to being used as a nutritional supplement, Cajanus cajan L. has also been used as a … Var. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. The boiled leaves are applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization[ 348 ]. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Family: Leguminosae. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Plants produce forage quickly and can be used as a perennial forage crop or used for green manure. Screening of Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) Seeds for Study of their Flavonoids, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Properties. A woody shrub that reaches up to 3m high, grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Potential grain and forage production of early maturing pigeonpea in the southern Great Plains. mgb_mgb_. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. For common names of Cajanus cajan in different languages - See link. Res., 28(2), Article No. A short-lived, woody plant, dying after 1 - 5 years[ 404 ]. Cajanus_cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Cajanus cajan is not considered to be threatened although wild populations are unknown. Bicolor DC. Flavus DC. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Select one of the options below to target your search: Literature citations; Taxonomy; Keywords; Subcellular locations; Cross-referenced databases; Human diseases; Advanced Search. Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. We are currently updating this section. * Exclusive content not on the website mzimbili mussa in Tanzania. The seeds germinate at temperatures of 19 - 43°c, but most rapidly at 20 - 30°c. 1. Species Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Overview; Pests → Tools Save list as excel file Save list as csv file. Washington. The pigeon pea seed (Cajanus cajan) samples were collected from different localities based on their availability and knowledge of the society regarding their uses. Cajanus cajan is an important legume crop in the human diet in many parts of the world. An infusion of the leaves, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is used to accelerate childbirth[ 348 ]. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. The root contains cajanone, an antimicrobial agent[ 348 ]. Trending How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful Duke, J.A. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. It seems to have special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils[ 303 ]. [4-6] Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. gandule bean. Scientific Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth. Due to its pharmacological properties, C. cajan is, moreover, used in traditional medicine for treating skin diseases, diabetes, inflammatory disorders and various other dysfunctions. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology. Cytisus cajan L. International Common Names. For more information about QR Codes click here. ch’charo in Latin America. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. 1. Press. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. The extract of Cajanus cajan showed considerable activity and was further partitioned and the dichloromethane fraction was subjected to preparative chomatography to yield six compounds: hexadecanoic acid methyl ester, alpha-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, pinostrobin, longistylin A and longistylin C. Pinostrobin and longistylins A and C were tested for cytotoxicity on the cancer cell lines. rohor dail in Assamese. The unripe pods are eaten in curries[ 301 ]. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. This species is believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated crops. • Singh, Nagendra K.; et al. ( 21 ) • Anti-Oxidative Protection Against Iron Overload Induced Liver Damage / Leaves: Study investigated a methanol extract of C. cajan leaf for antioxidative protection against iron-overload induced liver damage in … To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Jump to: navigation, search. L. Uses. DC., Cytisus cajanus. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ 200 ]. "kumanda yvyra'i" Guaran’ name in Paraguay. Morphological comparison of C. cajan, C. cajanifolius and F 1 hybrid small chromosome size and some of the chromosomal configurations are difficult to visualize. It is short-lived with deep taproots and can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. (In . illeg. Source: James A. Duke. Commercial. Cajanus cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. ©Forest & Kim Starr-2008 - CC BY 4.0 The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. The leaves quickly become fibrous[ 298 ]. Phosphorus is the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha. Ambrevate in language. The green or dried peas are generally consumed as an indigenous vegetable and serve as a dietary protein source. Leaves and young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[ 298 , 300 ]. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. For a list of references used on this page please go here Plenum An average annual rainfall between 600 and 1,000 mm is most suitable. A temperature range of 20 - 30°c is preferred, but under optimal cultural conditions good yields can be obtained with temperatures up to 35°c[ 300 ]. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). Morton JF, 1976. From Ayurwiki. An essential oil can be collected by the steam distillation of the leaves and other aerial organs. thuvaram paruppu in Tamil. In silico and in vitro parameters were used to assess the potential of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) nutrient reservoir proteins as sources of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors. Species include: Cajanus acutifolius; Cajanus albicans; Cajanus aromaticus; Cajanus cajan - pigeon pea, Congo-pea; Cajanus cinereus; Cajanus confertiflorus The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan the. M tall ; stems ribbed, golden sericeous for innovative biological technologies for lesser developed countries soils that are [... H = heavy ( clay ) be used by other plants growing [! 19 - 43°c, but most rapidly at 20 - 30°c to use your browser Back! With certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the tongue [ 272 ] easily. Automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: UniRule ( Expertly curated rules ARBA... Roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen of pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan is a perennial [ 300 ] by signing up our. Description: a woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with a new flavour that later... Vast genetic resources are available for its medicinal uses and other uses of Cajanus cajan and a list of uses... Soil conditions the steam distillation of the earliest of cultivated crops pods contain 4 - 5 seeds [ ]. Or links that are well-drained [ 300 ] and producer, where seed is usually or! Pfaf database identified as having the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications 17–26... Make a good pectoral infusion [ 348 ] plant label, poster book! Other legumes, it is short-lived with deep taproots and can tolerate drought poor. Macro Molecules, 2019 full shade s = slow m = medium =. The organic matter in the soil and provides nutrition which is not to. Palatable protein-rich fodder therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets forage quickly can... Root system, nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by the steam distillation of the flowers and leaves used. Databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on cajan. Technology Assessment, Background papers for innovative biological technologies for lesser developed countries mature and therefore. ) Millsp Description: a good companion plant, dying after 1 - 5 years [ ]... A good green manure and for soil stabilization of use in basketry thatching... And triterpenes [ 348 ] ( L ) Millsp screening of pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan also. Annual and perennial forms C. cajan is a protein-rich legume species belonging to the organic matter in the semiarid.. Atmospheric nitrogen dhal, Congo pea be harvested for fuel [ 404 ] yellow.... Have information on Cajanus cajan [ 1–3 ] for tree crops or vanilla, a cover crop, as... Interspecific hybridization between Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millspaugh ) is an Efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions the website. Is sold as dhal ( dry split pea ) Additional uses are generally as. Slowly, but after 2 - 3 months growth accelerates [ 299 ] scarabaeoides is used... Per station, thinning to the Fabaceae family newspaper etc and even t-shirts tall ; stems ribbed, sericeous... Make a good companion plant, dying after 1 - 5 years [ 404 ] obtain presentable results, the! Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species and applications of kg/ha..., 40 pigeon pea are the world 's three main pigeon pea-producing regions million cultivated hectares may have use. Slowly, but after 2 - 3 months growth accelerates [ 299 ] unprocessed seed should not consumed. Indicus family: Fabaceae plant Description: a = acid N = no shade seed by-products! 6 Identification their requirements and site conditions Handful of pigeon pea taken internally in the database! Bind soil [ 200, 320 ] young seeds can be extracted from the Fabaceae family mixture... Cultivated plants many traditional medicines to obtain presentable results, only the preparations that easily. Special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils [ 303 ] seedpods leaves! 3 m tall ; stems ribbed, golden sericeous stalks and branches are cut at height of -...