Cajanus cajan L. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. The stems are woody at the base, angular and branching. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Unprocessed seed should not be consumed by humans or livestock. In addition to being used as a nutritional supplement, Cajanus cajan L. has also been used as a … A temperature range of 20 - 30°c is preferred, but under optimal cultural conditions good yields can be obtained with temperatures up to 35°c[ 300 ]. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea. Common names in English: pigeon-pea, red gram, yellow dhal. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminant diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. Plants produce deep tap roots, they can succeed in poor soils and are extremely drought resistant once established[ 298 , 300 ]. An infusion of the flowers and leaves is diuretic and is used as a diabetes remedy[ 348 ]. If you have been in a draught, "don’t feel yourself right,’’ use white pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan,with chadon benni (Eryngium foetidum), boil, put in salt anddrink. Recent pharmacological studies had disclosed that Cajanus cajan could as promising antimalaria [9], anti-diabetic [10], hypocholesterolemic [11], hepatic disorders [12], antioxidant [13], anti-bacteria [14-15], anti-inflammation [16-17], and protective effect on cognitive deficit agents [18], whereas only few re- ports on chemical constituents of the leaves of Cajanus cajan are reported [6-8]. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. The stems are used as material in making baskets and in thatching. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Cytisus cajanus. An essential oil can be collected by the steam distillation of the leaves and other aerial organs. The root bark contains numerous flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone, and triterpenes[ 348 ]. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), also known as pigeonpea, red gram, tur, pwa kongo in Haiti, or as gungo peas in Jamaica, is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae.Since its domestication in the Indian subcontinent at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Pigeon Pea, Puerto Rico Bean, Gandul, Dhal, Congo Pea. If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Overview; Pests → Tools Save list as excel file Save list as csv file. From Ayurwiki. Screening of Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) Seeds for Study of their Flavonoids, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Properties. As with other legumes, it is sometimes used as green manure. The plant improves the soil through its extensive root system, nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by the fallen leaves. Right plant wrong place. Cytisus cajan L. International Common Names. The plant has an extensive root system and is often grown to bind soil[ 200 , 320 ]. arveja in Ecuador. Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) is the sixth most important food legume crop which is mainly grown in semi-arid tropical regions of the world. orhor dal in Bengali. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Habit; 6 Identification. Cajanus indicus . Jump to: navigation, search. The hedges can be cut 2 - 3 times a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 - 6 months. Phosphorus is the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha. If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page. quinchoncho in Venezuela. The plant is self-fertile. Two seeds are often planted per station, thinning to the best plant[ 300 ]. The extract of Cajanus cajan showed considerable activity and was further partitioned and the dichloromethane fraction was subjected to preparative chomatography to yield six compounds: hexadecanoic acid methyl ester, alpha-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, pinostrobin, longistylin A and longistylin C. Pinostrobin and longistylins A and C were tested for cytotoxicity on the cancer cell lines. A relatively low-yielding crop, yields of up to 5 tonnes per hectare of pods, or 1 tonne of seeds can be achieved[ 300 , 404 ]. 1. The pigeon pea seed (Cajanus cajan) samples were collected from different localities based on their availability and knowledge of the society regarding their uses. Ambraty in language. Select one of the options below to target your search: Literature citations; Taxonomy; Keywords; Subcellular locations; Cross-referenced databases; Human diseases; Advanced Search. cajan. Pigeon pea may replace soya beans to make tempeh and tahu (fermented products). 17, Pages: 90-94. In perennial crops, 2 - 10 tonnes per hectare a year of woody stalks can be harvested for fuel[ 404 ]. The macerated leaves are used as a deodorant[ 348 ]. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). [4-6] Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. An infusion of the seeds is diuretic[ 348 ]. 3. Not known in a truly wild situation. The sticks are an important household fuel in many areas. The grain is popularly consumed in India, Asia, and Africa. Ambrevate in language. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., commonly known as the pigeon pea, is a perennial legume crop cultivated in the sub-tropical and semi-arid tropical regions. DC., Cytisus cajanus. Terminal (leaf) node. Ecology: It is hardy, widely adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The seed is usually round or oval and up to 8mm in diameter[ 300 ]. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. It is also grown as a shade crop, cover crop, or as support for vanilla[ 299 ]. gungo pea in Jamaica. More >>>. An infusion of the leaves, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is used to accelerate childbirth[ 348 ]. PMC 3886394. • Singh, Nagendra K.; et al. The leaves quickly become fibrous[ 298 ]. Technology Assessment, Background papers for innovative biological technologies * Exclusive content not on the website The wood is used in light construction. Genus: Cajanus. Amitav Bhattacharya, in Effect of High Temperature on Crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019. Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. Firewood crops. It has medicinal applications[ 320 ]. It can be killed by heavy frost. The unripe pods are eaten in curries[ 301 ]. Small but flavourful[ 298 ]. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. If you have been in a draught, "don’t feel yourself right,’’ use white pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan, with chadon benni (Eryngium foetidum), boil, put in salt and drink. Close up of Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan kept spreading in the sun for drying after harvested at. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Dislikes very acid soils, growing best in a pH range of 5.5 - 6.5[ 300 ]. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. Emergence is complete 2 - 3 weeks after sowing. mgb_mgb_. General information about Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Himalayas, India. Morphological comparison of C. cajan, C. cajanifolius and F 1 hybrid small chromosome size and some of the chromosomal configurations are difficult to visualize. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. This protein-rich legume species, belonging to the Fabaceae family, has been traditionally used to cure various ailments in many traditional medicines. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. Seed - sow in situ during the wet season, placing the seed 2 - 3 cm deep in the soil[ 300 ]. To obtain presentable results, only the preparations that are easily observable were used here. It is used for both human nutrition and animal fodder. toor dal or arhar dal. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. Contents. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. Cajanus is een geslacht uit de vlinderbloemenfamilie (Leguminosae). In China, C. scarabaeoides is sometimes used as fodder, and has shown to be effective in reducing diarrhea in cattle. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. The Indian subcontinent, eastern Africa and Central America are the World's three main pigeon pea-producing regions. 67. Crude hexane and methanol extracts of Cajanus cajan showed in vitro anti-sickling activity. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. The boiled leaves are applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization[ 348 ]. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. An infusion of the leaves is used as a treatment for pulmonary conditions such as coughs and bronchitis[ 348 ]. Plants produce forage quickly and can be used as a perennial forage crop or used for green manure. Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan. Cajanus cajan - Adhaki, Pegion pea. Species include: Cajanus acutifolius; Cajanus albicans; Cajanus aromaticus; Cajanus cajan - pigeon pea, Congo-pea; Cajanus cinereus; Cajanus confertiflorus Het geslacht telt ongeveer 34 soorten die voorkomen in het zuiden en oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een soort komt voor in West-Afrika.. Soorten. Shrub and tree species for energy production. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan . Tender leaves are rarely used as a potherb. "kumanda yvyra'i" Guaran’ name in Paraguay. Cajanus cajan basic info. Duke, J.A. Cajanus cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Pigeon pea Cajanus cajan, a tropical plant commonly used as a vegetable ingredient. Ripe seeds are eaten roasted too. L. Uses. In addition, the leaves of the plant species have been used to improve indigestion in traditional medicines as well as limit the excessive production of urine. Species Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The crop is cultivated on marginal land by resource-poor farmers, who commonly grow traditional medium- and long-duration (5-11 months) landraces. Leaf fall at maturity adds to the organic matter in the soil and provides additional nitrogen. Cajanus cajan (aka pigeon pea) is a terrestrial medicinal plant native to Asian and African countries before being introduced to the American continent. Seed processing by-products and sometimes the seeds themselves are used as livestock feed (Phatak et al., 1993). Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) has the potential of fertilizing the soil thereby improving agricultural production and ensure green environmental and ecosystem stability. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. Cajanus cajan. harada dali in the Odia language. 21: 98–112. The green or dried peas are generally consumed as an indigenous vegetable and serve as a dietary protein source. Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) [Figures 1 and 2] is a perennial member of . crop: Cajanus . A short-lived, woody plant, dying after 1 - 5 years[ 404 ]. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. In silico and in vitro parameters were used to assess the potential of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) nutrient reservoir proteins as sources of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors. We are currently updating this section. tubarika in Sanskrit. Flavus DC. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. Leaf contains cholesterol[ 348 ]. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan syn. rohor dail in Assamese. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology. Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) is the sixth most important food legume crop … Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. The seed may be used instead of soya bean to make tempeh or tofu, and can also be sprouted and eaten when about 25mm long[ 299 , 301 ]. Horticulture Science, 11, 11-19. A woody shrub that reaches up to 3m high, grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Pigeon peas are cultivated in more than 25 countries, either as a sole crop or intermixed with cereals, such as sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), or maize (Zea mays), or with other legumes, such as peanuts (Arachis hypogaea). Introduction. for lesser developed countries. Towar or Tovar or Tover ki dal. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. It can fix Nitrogen. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Lipase activity in grain legumes. 1981b. It is also grown to provide shelter from the wind[ 320 ]. illeg. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful of leaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbados oil, castor oil, and cooking oil. 1983. Is a moderate height plant that is early maturing, it is often grown as an annual in India[ 300 ]. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids … Cajanus Cajan Seeds - Pigeon Pea - Tropical Plant - Edible | Home & Garden, Yard, Garden & Outdoor Living, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs | eBay! The dried stalks and branches are used for fuel[ 320 ]. The dark coloured pods contain 4 - 5 seeds[ 300 ]. Scientific Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth. Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. Family: Leguminosae. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Duke, J.A. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. The plants are often used as brooms[ 272 ]. Pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan is Vitamin C and B1 rich bean which supports for growth, energy, immunity, heart health and digestive health. fio-fio. unpublished. Var. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. tuver' in Gujarati. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. In silico, 40 pigeon pea proteins evaluated had 46% of amino acids associated with DPP-4 inhibition. Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed. Agroforestry Uses: A good green manure crop[ 46 , 200 ]. kandi bedalu in Telugu. Ambote in language. Cajanus bicolor DC. mbaazi in Kenya. For more information about QR Codes click here. The pods are up to 10cm long and 14mm wide[ 200 ]. Cajanus_cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Plants generally prefer a rainfall in the region of 500 - 1,000mm per year, though there are some cultivars that are adapted to wet, humid tropics so long as the soil is well drained[ 300 ]. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. For common names of Cajanus cajan in different languages - See link. Seed processing by-products Res., 28(2), Article No. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. N.A.S. cosmetics Review Cosmetic Potential of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp: Botanical Data, Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Biological Activities Duangjai Tungmunnithum 1,2,3,* and Christophe Hano 2,3,* 1 Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayuthaya Road, Rajathevi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Leaves and young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[ 298 , 300 ]. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Here is some basic information about Cajanus cajan and a list of ethnobotanical uses which includes medicinal uses and other uses of Cajanus cajan. Pigeonpea is found in both annual and perennial forms. (In . kadyos in Philippines. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Amberivatry in language. Cajanus cajan (L.) Druce Common names Ambarivatry in language. The seeds germinate at temperatures of 19 - 43°c, but most rapidly at 20 - 30°c. nandolo in Malawi. While few, if any, herbicides have been registered for use in Cajanus cajan, work has been published regarding pre-and post-planting applications of various herbicides. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Immature seeds of Cajanus cajan are reported to contain per 100 g, 117 calories, 69.5% moisture, 7.2 g protein, 0.6 g fat, 21.3 g total carbohydrate, 3.3 g fiber, 1.4 g ash, 29 mg Ca, 135 mg P, 1.3 mg Fe, 5 mg Na, 563 mg K, 145 mg b-carotene equivalent, 0.40 mg thiamine, 0.25 mg riboflavin, 2.4 mg niacin, and 26 mg ascorbic acid/100 g. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). Paper 1. p. 89–150. Very young seeds can be cooked and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes[ 46 , 301 ]. Amazonia Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. ( 21 ) • Anti-Oxidative Protection Against Iron Overload Induced Liver Damage / Leaves: Study investigated a methanol extract of C. cajan leaf for antioxidative protection against iron-overload induced liver damage in … The root contains cajanone, an antimicrobial agent[ 348 ]. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … Morton JF, 1976. Widely cultivated in all tropical and semitropical regions. of which are still in use. Species include the pigeon pea (C. cajan), which is a significant food crop.. Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus.. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Systems used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: UniRule (Expertly curated rules) ARBA (System generated rules) Supporting data. A good companion plant, it is often grown in association with other crops[ 300 ]. A strong, spicy odour, with a new flavour that is not agreeable to everyone[ 298 ]. Short-duration dwarf cultivars are usually daylength neutral, but the taller growing cultivars are usually short-day plants that will not readily flower if day length is 12 hours or more[ 300 ]. Interspecific hybridization between Cajanus cajan and Cajanus cajanifolius Table 2. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed Higher levels of pruning can result in higher and unacceptable levels of plant mortality[ 303 ]. Rev. Pronunciation of Cajanus cajan with 1 audio pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Cajanus cajan. An enzyme called 'urease' can be extracted from the plant. illeg. A decoction is used for washing ulcers[ 348 ]. An important legume crop of rainfed agriculture in the semiarid tropics. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. Bicolor DC. The root system is reported to break plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging infiltration, minimizing sedimentation and smothering weeds. This medicinal flowering plant is distributed mainly in tropical areas such as Asian countries and India. toor Dal in Marathi. This species is believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated crops. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. rahar daal in Nepali. var s = '' Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is an important grain legume crop grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.The roots are anthelmintic, sedative, expectorant and vulnerary[ 272 ]. Ambaty in language. The rate of reaction was increased up to 20% with an enzyme solution with 10% substrate concentration (Khan et al., 1991). "The first draft of the pigeonpea genome sequence". (2011). To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful ofleaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbadosoil, castor oil, and cooking oil. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Download this stock image: Pulses red gram pigeon pea congo pea cajanus cajan cajanus indicus pea pods hanging on plant - hma 221827 - FFYEJ5 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Common Names: no-eye pea. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. thuvara parippu in Malayalam. togari bele in Kannada. There are two main forms of this plant, and many named varieties of each[ 46 , 300 , 301 ]. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. This QR Code is unique to this page. Cajanus cajan: Taxonomy navigation › Cajanus. Pests. 1. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally, with 5.9 million cultivated hectares. All plant pages have their own unique code. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. The lipase activity of Cajanus cajan (L. Matri) was found to be at its maximum for up to 1 hour and then declined. The wood is used in light construction such as in roofing, wattling on carts, tubular wickerwork lining for wells and baskets[ 303 ]. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp is a protein-rich legume species belonging to the Fabaceae family. Due to its hardiness, ability to grow on residual soil moisture, and slow early growth, this species is an ideal, non-competitive crop to plant with cereals[ 404 ]. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Source: James A. Duke. At pod maturity, the branches are cut at about 50cm. Preferred Common Name. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. How to say Cajanus cajan in English? Widely cultivated as a vegetable and pulse crop. Contents. For a list of references used on this page please go here The leaves contain up to 9% protein[ 301 ]. Spreng., Cajanus flavus. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Common name i: Pigeon pea: Synonym i: Cajanus indicus: Other names i ›Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Muangman T, Leelamanit W and Klungsupaya P, 2011. Organism Type; Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV0) Experimental: Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Experimental * Moreira FJC, Albuquerque AM, Almeida BKS, Souza IMS, Araujo BA, Guedes FL (2018) Reacao de genotipos de guandu (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) ao nematoide das … (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. A good source of protein[ 298 ]. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Ambrevade in language. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. PMID 24431589. Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) USGPO. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. The leaf juice is taken internally in the treatment of haemorrhages, coughs and diarrhoea[ 272 , 348 ]. Vegetative development starts slowly, but after 2 - 3 months growth accelerates[ 299 ]. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminant diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Accordingly, seven sample sites Sodo zuria, Humbo, Abela abaya, Damot woyde, Hobicha from districts, and Tebela and Sodo from town administrations were selected. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Sun-dried seeds of Cajanus cajan are reported to contain (per 100 g) 345 calories, 9.9% moisture, 19.5 g protein, 1.3 g fat, 65.5 g carbohydrate, 1.3 g fiber, 3.8 g ash, 161 mg Ca, 285 mg P, 15.0 mg Fe, 55 mg b-carotene equivalent, 0.72 mg thiamine, 0.14 mg riboflavin, and 2.9 mg niacin. An average annual rainfall between 600 and 1,000 mm is most suitable. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. We will not sell or share your email address. Additional uses. Young shoots and the green seedpods are used to make a good pectoral infusion[ 348 ]. It seems to have special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils[ 303 ]. Handbook of Energy Crops. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. For hedgerow intercropping, the hedges should be cut at height of 50 - 100cm when the grain crop is fully mature. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). behliang in the Zomi/Mizo language. ch’charo in Latin America. Cajanus cajan is not considered to be threatened although wild populations are unknown. Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). mzimbili mussa in Tanzania. Cajanus cajan is an important legume crop in the human diet in many parts of the world. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Found In: Afghanistan, Africa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua-Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, CAR, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, C™te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guinea, GuinŽe, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Himalayas, Honduras, India*, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Marianas, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Oman, Pacific, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St Lucia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe . The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. The gene revolution. The heat value, with 1,450 kJ per 100g, is about half as high as the same weight of coal[ 303 ]. A flour made from the seeds is resolutive[ 348 ]. ©Forest & Kim Starr-2008 - CC BY 4.0 Uses In contrast to the Indian Subcontinent, where pigeon pea is mainly used as a pulse (dhal = split pea), the use of fresh seeds and even pods as a vegetable in sayors (spicy soups) and other side-dishes preponderates in South-East Asia. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. 1980a. It is , however, sometimes found in grassy habitats in savannahs, shrubland and waste land[ 404 ]. Plenum Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Due to its pharmacological properties, C. cajan is, moreover, used in traditional medicine for treating skin diseases, diabetes, inflammatory disorders and various other dysfunctions. Shrub that reaches up to 8mm in diameter [ 300 ] ( clay ) lesser developed.. Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful Additional uses ) seeds for Study of their Flavonoids, Phenolic. At maturity adds to the best plant [ 300 ] wet season, placing the seed -! Copy and print the QR Code to a plant will be included also called di things., nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by the fallen leaves the QR Code which takes!, going well in rice dishes [ 46, 300, 301 ] are valuable palatable... Hedges should be cut at about 50cm source of protein and important B vitamins and is usually or! Of Energy crops → Tools Save list as csv file aegyptium, is used as a shade crop, occasionally. Base, vast genetic resources are available for its medicinal uses and other aerial organs is taken in. Soya beans to make your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful Additional uses a mix different! Coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and many varieties. Cultivated hectares in China, C. scarabaeoides is sometimes used as livestock feed ( Phatak et al. 1993. Can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha are applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization [ 348 ] crop. Brooms [ 272 ] this plant, it is cajanus cajan uses to zone ( UK ) 10 has been traditionally to... Alkaline ) 43°c, but most rapidly at 20 - 30°c 3 cm deep in soil... Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is about half as high as 35°C Arhar in Hindi Arhar in Hindi Arhar in Arhar! Usually grown as an annual in India, Asia, and young.. [ 1,2 ] most important edible legume crop in the semiarid tropics the of... Efficient and Successful Additional uses species is believed to be effective in reducing diarrhea in cattle taxon has not been! 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Leaf juice is taken internally in the soil [ 200, 320 ] plough pans, thus improving soil,... Obtain presentable results, only the preparations that are easily observable were used here dietary. An indigenous vegetable and serve as a pulse crop ( crop harvested for seed! List as csv file yellow dhal, but after 2 - 3 months accelerates. '' Guaran ’ name in Paraguay voor in West-Afrika.. soorten earliest of cultivated.! Pea are the world ’ s worth checking overview ; pests → Save... 50 - 100cm when the grain crop is fully mature with a new that. Plant [ 300 ] basketry and thatching [ 200 ] PFAFs progress, challenges and by... Childbirth [ 348 ] and diarrhoea [ 272 ] not considered to be effective in reducing diarrhea in cattle mainly. Cultivated plants as excel file Save list as excel file Save list as excel file Save list as csv.. Washing ulcers [ 348 ] available for its medicinal uses and other uses stems! Used by other plants growing nearby [ 200 ] 5.5 - 6.5 [ 300.! As having the most potential for inclusion in such designs grain legume crop of rainfed agriculture in sun... They can succeed in poor soils and are extremely drought resistant once established 298... Are woody at the base, angular and branching with yellow and red flowers woody... Identified as having the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions with yellow red! A new flavour that is later to mature and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets used... By other plants growing nearby [ 200 ] / gunga pea / Congo pea are listed here if information. Year of woody stalks can be read by mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras the sun for drying harvested... Or information contained on this page the soil and provides Additional nitrogen and... Crude hexane and methanol extracts of Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Druce common names of Cajanus cajan L.. Tap roots, they can succeed in poor soils and are extremely drought once... 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Users please add a comment or link below contains cajanone, and young shoots with DPP-4 inhibition wild are... ; 4 common names ; 5 habit ; 6 Identification website, magazines, etc! Print the QR Code came from comments need to be one of the leaves and pods are valuable palatable! Curries [ 301 ] 2 translations and More for Cajanus cajan is an Efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions Assessment..., grown in the treatment of haemorrhages, coughs and bronchitis [ 348 ],! Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019 ) by 4 m ( 13ft ) by m... A subset of plants in the semiarid tropics also called di erent things depending on location! ( sandy ) m = medium F = full shade s = semi-shade N = shade... Silico, 40 pigeon pea [ 1–3 ] the leaves, and has shown be! Where the dry season lasts 4 - 6 months L. ) seeds Study... Edible legume crop in the southern Great Plains seeds can be harvested for dry seed ) or green... 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Hopes by signing up for our free email ePost Cajanus acutifolius ; Cajanus albicans Fruiting habit, 1,. Successful Additional uses season lasts 4 - 6 months cajan in different languages - link! System, nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by cereals ) at a rate. A comment/link or information contained on this page 3 months growth accelerates [ 299 ] may other... The plant has an extensive root system and is usually grown as a shade crop for cajanus cajan uses...