[115] Streets following the Public Land Survey System section lines later became arterial streets in outlying sections. The University of Chicago Oriental Institute has an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian and Near Eastern archaeological artifacts. [75] This Great Migration had an immense cultural impact, called the Chicago Black Renaissance, part of the New Negro Movement, in art, literature, and music. [276] In 2013, the violent crime rate was 910 per 100,000 people;[278] the murder rate was 10.4 – while high crime districts saw 38.9, low crime districts saw 2.5 murders per 100,000. [259] The building of the boulevard system continued intermittently until 1942. In 2015, roughly 4% of the population identified as LGBT. [284] In 2011, Chicago's murders fell another 1.2% to 431 (a rate of 15.94 per 100,000). The Museum Campus joins the southern section of Grant Park, which includes the renowned Art Institute of Chicago. The city was particularly important for the development of the harsh and electronic based music genre known as industrial. [225], Chicago lays claim to a large number of regional specialties that reflect the city's ethnic and working-class roots. The normal winter high from December through March is about 36 °F (2 °C), with January and February being the coldest months; a polar vortex in January 2019 nearly broke the city's cold record of −27 °F (−33 °C), which was set on January 20, 1985. Compare population statistics about Chicago, IL by race, age, gender, Latino/Hispanic origin etc. 11.26% of residents are not US citizens. Evangelical Protestantism form the largest theological Protestant branch (16%), followed by Mainline Protestants (11%), and historically Black churches (8%). [272] This was higher than in New York City and Los Angeles, the two largest cities in the United States, which have lower murder rates and lower total homicides. If any information presented in this web site is known to be outdated, please contact the Chicago Police Department at srwbmstr@chicagopolice.org, or mail to Sex Registration Unit, 3510 S Michigan Ave, Chicago, IL 60653. Chicago Fire FC is a member of Major League Soccer (MLS) and plays at Soldier Field. [266] Washington Park is also one of the city's biggest parks; covering nearly 400 acres (160 ha). [137] There are many sunny but cold days in winter. [285] but shot up to 506 in 2012. [210] The city has been a center for rave culture, since the 1980s. [302], Chicago has a network of Lutheran schools,[303] and several private schools are run by other denominations and faiths, such as the Ida Crown Jewish Academy in West Ridge. Chicago is the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the U.S., while a small portion of the city's O'Hare Airport also extends into DuPage County. Chicago reached it's highest population of 3,620,960 in 1950. [49] The project raised much of central Chicago to a new grade. All of its major franchises have won championships within recent years – the Bears (1985), the Bulls (1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, and 1998), the White Sox (2005), the Cubs (2016), the Blackhawks (2010, 2013, 2015), and the Fire (1998). Through the 90's Chicago's population has grown by about 4%. The aldermanic, mayoral, and other city offices are filled through nonpartisan elections with runoffs as needed. [105] Landfill extends into portions of the lake providing space for Navy Pier, Northerly Island, the Museum Campus, and large portions of the McCormick Place Convention Center. Retrieved from Census Reporter Profile page for Chicago, IL--IN Urbanized Area, "The city that changed architecture forever", "2017 Passenger Summary - Annual Traffic Data", "CAGDP2 Gross domestic product (GDP) by county and metropolitan area", "Chicago sets new tourism record with nearly 58 million visitors in 2018 — and the mayor is thrilled", It's a four-peat: Chicago again voted best large city by, "Chicago revealed as the world's number one city for having fun and enjoying life", "The 32 most fun, friendly, and affordable cities in the world", "Chicago named world's best city by Time Out, ahead of London, New York and Melbourne", "Chicago named the world's best city for having it all", Chicago's Twentieth-Century Cultural Exports, "Jean Baptiste Point de Sable—The Founder of Modern Chicago", "Act of Incorporation for the City of Chicago, 1837", "Chicago Daily Tribune, Thursday Morning, February 14", "Built Environment of the Chicago Region", "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "Enforcing Medical Licensing in Illinois: 1877–1890", "Detroit and the Great Migration, 1916–1929", "Timeline: Milestones in the American Gay Rights Movement", "Century of Progress World's Fair, 1933–1934 (University of Illinois at Chicago) : Home", "Brief History Of Chicago's 1968 Democratic Convention", "The Fix – Hall of Fame – The Case for Richard J. Daley", "Chicago and the Legacy of the Daley Dynasty", "National Building Museum to honor Daley for greening of Chicago", "1992 Loop Flood Brings Chaos, Billions In Losses", "News: Rahm Emanuel wins Chicago mayoral race", "Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel wins 2nd term in runoff victory", "Lori Lightfoot Is Elected Chicago Mayor, Becoming First Black Woman to Lead City", "With Mayor Lori Lightfoot's inauguration, 3 women of color now hold top citywide offices: 'Chicago was ready for this, "State Climatologist Office for Illinois", "The Elevation of Chicago: A Statistical Mystery", "Chicago Tribune Classifieds map of Chicagoland", "Fast Facts About The Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce", "CPS Teacher Housing: Chicago Communities", "List of Chicago Neighborhoods – Chicago", "Gulp! Races in North Chicago: White Non-Hispanic (39.1%) Black … [141][144] Most of the city's rainfall is brought by thunderstorms, averaging 38 a year. [117] Many of the city's residential streets have a wide patch of grass and/or trees between the street and the sidewalk itself. Chicago is a major transportation hub in the United States. The city responded by tunneling two miles (3.2 km) out into Lake Michigan to newly built water cribs. Last official estimated population of Chicago city (Cook County**, Illinois state) was 2,722,389 (year 2014) [1].This was 0.854% of total US population and 21.17% of total Illinois state population. [321] The program started on June 15 with 10 different scooter companies, including scooter sharing market leaders Bird, Jump, Lime and Lyft. In the past decade, the state lost nearly a … Ford Motor Company has an automobile assembly plant on the South Side in Hegewisch, and most of the facilities of the Port of Chicago are also on the South Side. Chicago Heights Cook County, Illinois. In 2017, Chicago exchanges traded 4.7 billion derivatives with a face value of over one quadrillion dollars. The racial composition of the city was: Chicago has a Hispanic or Latino population of 28.9%. 2 city", "COMPARATIVE DEMOGRAPHIC ESTIMATES 2019 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates Chicago", "Census: Hispanics surpass blacks as Chicago's 2nd-largest racial group", CBS News: "Hispanic Population Surges In Chicago, New Census Data Shows" By Jeremy Ross, "Illinois – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "San Francisco Metro Area Ranks Highest in LGBT Percentage", "The Metro Areas With the Largest, and Smallest, Gay Populations", "Same-sex marriage licenses could hit 10,000 in Cook County this summer", "10,000th same-sex couple issued marriage license in Cook County", "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2008–2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates: Chicago city, Illinois", "These are the cities with the most ultra-rich people", "Community Facts: First Ancestry Reported, Chicago city, Illinois", Major U.S. metropolitan areas differ in their religious profiles, "Table 6 Fifteen Largest PC(USA) Congregations Based on Membership Size, 2014", "Gross Domestic Product by Metropolitan Area, 2016", "Moody's: Chicago's Economy Most Balanced in US (January 23, 2003)", London named world's top business center by MasterCard, "Washington area richest, most educated in US: report", "World's richest cities by purchasing power", "The ten largest US central business districts | Modern Cities", "JPMorgan History | The History of Our Firm", "Chicago Area Employment — February 2018", "Chicago Named Nation's Top Metro Area for Corporate Relocation For the Sixth Straight Year", "Why You Should Start a Company in ... Chicago", "Chicago City Council raises minimum wage to $15 by 2021, but restaurant servers still will get lower tipped wage", "Opaa! Chicago Ridge Cook County, Illinois. [226] The Chicago-style thin crust is also popular in the city. The Willis Tower (formerly named Sears Tower) is a popular destination for tourists. The government of the City of Chicago is divided into executive and legislative branches. While the Chicago River historically handled much of the region's waterborne cargo, today's huge lake freighters use the city's Lake Calumet Harbor on the South Side. Its scenic lakeside location, world-class cultural offerings and unique architecture are just some of the reasons why Chicago is a great place to live and visit. The city lies within USDA plant hardiness zone 6a, transitioning to 5b in the suburbs. Full demographic report of Chicago, IL population including education levels, household income, job market, ethnic makeup, and languages. The Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) performs at Symphony Center, and is recognized as one of the best orchestras in the world. More representational and portrait statuary includes a number of works by Lorado Taft (Fountain of Time, The Crusader, Eternal Silence, and the Heald Square Monument completed by Crunelle), French's Statue of the Republic, Edward Kemys's Lions, Saint-Gaudens's Abraham Lincoln: The Man (a.k.a. Zip codes: 60064. [280] However, Chicago, like other major U.S. cities, experienced a significant reduction in violent crime rates through the 1990s, falling to 448 homicides in 2004, its lowest total since 1965 and only 15.65 murders per 100,000. The first white men known to have visited the region were Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette in 1673. [113][114], Chicago's streets were laid out in a street grid that grew from the city's original townsite plot, which was bounded by Lake Michigan on the east, North Avenue on the north, Wood Street on the west, and 22nd Street on the south. Chicago Illinois Population 2020 2019, Chicago Illinois Population 2019, Chicago Illinois Population 2020, Chicago Illinois Demographics 2020 2019, Chicago Illinois Statistics 2020 2019 CensusViewer delivers detailed demographics and population statistics from the 2010 Census, 2000 Census, American Community Survey (ACS), registered voter files, commercial data sources and more. In 1983, Harold Washington became the first black mayor of Chicago. During its first hundred years, Chicago was one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. (formerly ImprovOlympic). Today, Chicago the city makes up only just over a quarter of the wider Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metropolitan Area's population. The Midwestern University Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine is in Downers Grove. By 2006, the cartel sought to control most illicit drug sales. In 1900, the problem of sewage contamination was largely resolved when the city completed a major engineering feat. [16] The Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products (GDP) in the world, generating $689 billion in 2018. Latitude: 41.84 N, Longitude: 87.68 W Chicago nicknames or aliases (official or unofficial): Chi-Town, City in a Garden, The City of the Big Shoulders, The City That Works, The Second City, The Windy City, The White City, Da Chi & The 'Go, The Chill or Chi Ill, City by the Lake Daytime population change due to commuting: +204,202 (+7.5%) Zip codes: 60064. Police and political pressure caused the organization to disband.[80]. [235] The appetizer, which consists of a square of fried cheese, is doused with Metaxa and flambéed table-side. These laws became templates for public health reform in other cities and states. Navy Pier, located just east of Streeterville, is 3,000 ft (910 m) long and houses retail stores, restaurants, museums, exhibition halls and auditoriums. The canal allowed steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to connect to the Mississippi River. Chicago has the third-largest gross metropolitan product in the United States—about $670.5 billion according to September 2017 estimates. The mother-in-law is a tamale topped with chili and served on a hot dog bun. [53][54][55] Much of the city, including railroads and stockyards, survived intact,[56] and from the ruins of the previous wooden structures arose more modern constructions of steel and stone. Latitude: 41.84 N, Longitude: 87.68 W Chicago nicknames or aliases (official or unofficial): Chi-Town, City in a Garden, The City of the Big Shoulders, The City That Works, The Second City, The Windy City, The White City, Da Chi & The 'Go, The Chill or Chi Ill, City by the Lake Daytime population change due to commuting: +204,202 (+7.5%) [84], On December 2, 1942, physicist Enrico Fermi conducted the world's first controlled nuclear reaction at the University of Chicago as part of the top-secret Manhattan Project. [128][129], A popular tourist activity is to take an architecture boat tour along the Chicago River.[130]. [15] The region also has the largest number of federal highways and is the nation's railroad hub. The Puerto Rican-influenced jibarito is a sandwich made with flattened, fried green plantains instead of bread. During the 1880s and 1890s, Chicago had a powerful radical tradition with large and highly organized socialist, anarchist and labor organizations. ", "Sweet home Chicago: Best Sports City 2010", "MLB Teams and Baseball Encyclopedia - Baseball-Reference.com", "Team Encyclopedias and Records | Pro-Football-Reference.com", "Bulls are second-most popular U.S. team on Facebook", "Chicago's Derrick Rose Wins 2010–11 Kia NBA MVP Award", "Chicago Fire are returning to Soldier Field beginning with the 2020 MLS season: 'This can change the whole tenor of the club, "Chicago Park Boulevard System Historic District" map, "Biking the Boulevards with Geoffrey Baer", "Chicago Park Boulevard System Historic District", "WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES: 02/01/2019 THROUGH 2/7/2019", "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Chicago Park Boulevard System Historic District", "Forest Preserve District of Cook County", "With Michelle Obama In Town, Speculation About Future For Their Home", "Baltimore ranked 6th in murder rate in 2012", "Chicago toll rises despite gun clampdown", "Chicago's 762 homicides in 2016 is highest in 19 years. The Obamas' residence is located near the University of Chicago in Kenwood on the city's south side. The population growth rate is much lower than the state average rate of 3.62% and is much lower than the national average rate of 11.61%. The wealth of greenspace afforded by Chicago's parks is further augmented by the Cook County Forest Preserves, a network of open spaces containing forest, prairie, wetland, streams, and lakes that are set aside as natural areas which lie along the city's outskirts,[265] including both the Chicago Botanic Garden in Glencoe and the Brookfield Zoo in Brookfield. [145] Like other major cities, Chicago experiences an urban heat island, making the city and its suburbs milder than surrounding rural areas, especially at night and in winter. Why is this so important to him? They have won three World Series titles (1906, 1917, 2005) and six American League pennants, including the first in 1901. Many other architects have left their impression on the Chicago skyline such as Daniel Burnham, Louis Sullivan, Charles B. Atwood, John Root, and Helmut Jahn. [198] For six consecutive years since 2013, Chicago was ranked the nation's top metropolitan area for corporate relocations. The South Side hosts one of the city's largest parades, the annual African American Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic, which travels through Bronzeville to Washington Park. The tunnels filled with 250 million US gallons (1,000,000 m3) of water, affecting buildings throughout the district and forcing a shutdown of electrical power. The city's main convention center is McCormick Place. The 1832 Black Hawk War ended the last Native American resistance in the area. 65 / Average . Prominent food companies based in Chicago include the world headquarters of Conagra, Ferrara Candy Company, Kraft Heinz, McDonald's, Mondelez International, Quaker Oats, and US Foods. 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