", "Counting Bullets: A Night at a Chicago Trauma Unit", https://health.usnews.com/best-hospitals/area/chicago-il, "Chicago has assembled a sorority of sister cities", "Director Emeritus James Webster Looks Backward, Forward", "International relations: special partners", "Lei nº 14.471, de 10 de julho de 2007 – Radar Municipal", Association for Preservation Technology International, Maps of Chicago from the American Geographical Society Library, Chicago Cityscape, Chicago, Cook County, IL, Illinois Technology and Research Corridor, Former Chicago Historical Society Building, Illinois-Indiana State Line Boundary Marker, Episcopal Church of the Atonement and Parish House, Holy Trinity Orthodox Cathedral and Rectory, Metropolitan Apostolic Community Church Building, Roberts Temple Church of God in Christ Building, Truevine Missionary Baptist Church Building, Chicago & Illinois Western Railway Bridge, Chicago & North Western Railway Power House, Chicago & Western Indiana Railroad Bridge, Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Bridge No. Chicago, Illinois detailed profile. Chicago's flourishing economy attracted huge numbers of new immigrants from Europe and migrants from the Eastern United States. After playing its first eight seasons at Soldier Field, the team moved to suburban Bridgeview to play at SeatGeek Stadium. Both the Bulls and the Blackhawks play at the United Center. Transportation. Rauch established a plan for Chicago's park system in 1866. Dhoom 3, Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Transformers: Age of Extinction, Transformers: The Last Knight, Divergent, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, Sinister 2, Suicide Squad. Chicago has shrunk 6.9% since the year … The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago operates Catholic schools, that include Jesuit preparatory schools and others including St. Rita of Cascia High School, De La Salle Institute, Josephinum Academy, DePaul College Prep, Cristo Rey Jesuit High School, Brother Rice High School, St. Ignatius College Preparatory School, Mount Carmel High School, Queen of Peace High School, Mother McAuley Liberal Arts High School, Marist High School, St. Patrick High School and Resurrection High School. By 1935 the Workers Alliance of America begun organizing the poor, workers, the unemployed. There are 31 sand beaches, a plethora of museums, two world-class conservatories, and 50 nature areas. The city has major financial and futures exchanges, including the Chicago Stock Exchange, the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (the "Merc"), which is owned, along with the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) by Chicago's CME Group. In addition, the Chicago Medical School and Loyola University Chicago's Stritch School of Medicine are located in the suburbs of North Chicago and Maywood, respectively. Notably, industrial areas on the south side and neighborhoods lining both branches of the Chicago River were devastated; by 1933 over 50% of industrial jobs in the city had been lost, and unemployment rates amongst blacks and Mexicans in the city were over 40%. Chicago is a major world convention destination. The Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League (NHL) began play in 1926, and are one of the "Original Six" teams of the NHL. [161], The city has seen a rise in population for the 2000 census and is expected to have an increase for the 2020 census. 11.26% of residents are not US citizens. The South Side hosts one of the city's largest parades, the annual African American Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic, which travels through Bronzeville to Washington Park. [292], In September 2016, an Illinois state appellate court found that cities do not have an obligation under the Illinois Constitution to pay certain benefits if those benefits had included an expiration date under whichever negotiated agreement they were covered. [91] Washington was succeeded by 6th ward Alderman Eugene Sawyer, who was elected by the Chicago City Council and served until a special election. Even before then, it was not unheard of for Republican presidential candidates to win handily in downstate Illinois, only to lose statewide due to large Democratic margins in Chicago. [144] The lowest official temperature of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded on January 20, 1985, at O'Hare Airport. Winters are relatively cold and snowy, although the city typically sees less snow and rain in winter than that experienced in the eastern Great Lakes region; blizzards do occur, as in 2011. Offenders may have moved and failed to notify the Chicago Police Department as required by law. In 2015, 26.5 percent of Chicago households were without a car, and increased slightly to 27.5 percent in 2016. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as Receiver of Public Monies. [253] The Fire have won one league title and four U.S. Open Cups, since their founding in 1997. [119], The destruction caused by the Great Chicago Fire led to the largest building boom in the history of the nation. [272] This was higher than in New York City and Los Angeles, the two largest cities in the United States, which have lower murder rates and lower total homicides. In addition to it lying beside Lake Michigan, two rivers—the Chicago River in downtown and the Calumet River in the industrial far South Side—flow either entirely or partially through the city. The population density in Chicago is 5136% higher than Illinois; The median age in Chicago is 9% lower than Illinois; In Chicago 48.69% of the population is White; In Chicago 30.95% of the population is Black; In Chicago 6.09% of the population is Asian [191] In 2009 Chicago placed ninth on the UBS list of the world's richest cities. At least three short periods in the history of Chicago have had a lasting influence on American literature. In 1795, following the victory of the new United States in the Northwest Indian War, an area that was to be part of Chicago was turned over to the US for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. Village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is the seat of several dioceses. Chicago as a city is a global hub for business, media communications, fashion and num… The Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) coordinates the operation of the three service boards: CTA, Metra, and Pace. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area, defined as either the U.S. Census Bureau's Metropolitan Statistical Area (9.4 million people) or the Combined Statistical Area (almost 10 million residents), often called Chicagoland. [160] To these ethnic groups, the basis of the city's industrial working class, were added an additional influx of African Americans from the American South—with Chicago's black population doubling between 1910 and 1920 and doubling again between 1920 and 1930. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. The geographical distribution of race in Chicago is mostly a result of Chicago's historically racist housing allocation policy, which forced its black population into the cheaper Chicago South Side. The Bears play their home games at Soldier Field. The census.gov Chicago quick facts page contains not only high-level data on Chicago's population, but also more detailed statistics on the average income in Chicago, the city's age distribution, its businesses, and other important facts. Population by Place in Illinois There are 1,368 places in Illinois. [290] According to the FBI, St. Louis, New Orleans, Detroit, and Baltimore had the highest murder rate along with several other cities. [99][100], Chicago's history and economy are closely tied to its proximity to Lake Michigan. Today the Chicago metropolitan area is the headquarters of several retailers, including Walgreens, Sears, Ace Hardware, Claire's, ULTA Beauty and Crate & Barrel. The current population of Chicago, Illinois is, The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at, 2,707,120 people living in the city of Chicago. He defeated Douglas in the general election, and this set the stage for the American Civil War. Its scenic lakeside location, world-class cultural offerings and unique architecture are just some of the reasons why Chicago is a great place to live and visit. Manufacturing and retail and finance sectors became dominant, influencing the American economy. At the end of the 19th century, Chicago was the fifth-largest city in the world,[158] and the largest of the cities that did not exist at the dawn of the century. There are 24 public beaches across 26 miles (42 km) of the waterfront. Chicago reached it's highest population of 3,620,960 in 1950. Buckingham Fountain anchors the downtown park along the lakefront. As of 2010-2014, the total population of Chicago Heights is 30,410, which is 7.22% less than it was in 2000. Chicago Ridge Cook County, Illinois. [179], Chicago is the headquarters of several religious denominations, including the Evangelical Covenant Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. [193] The city is the seat of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, the Bank's Seventh District. In 1933 and 1934, the city celebrated its centennial by hosting the Century of Progress International Exposition World's Fair. Its scenic lakeside location, world-class cultural offerings and unique architecture are just some of the reasons why Chicago is a great place to live and visit. [218] Upscale shopping along the Magnificent Mile and State Street, thousands of restaurants, as well as Chicago's eminent architecture, continue to draw tourists. [199], Manufacturing, printing, publishing and food processing also play major roles in the city's economy. Today, Chicago is the third largest city in the United States with a population of about 2.7 million after New York City (8.5 million) and Los Angeles (3.9 million). [126], Chicago gave its name to the Chicago School and was home to the Prairie School, two movements in architecture. The Great Depression brought unprecedented suffering to Chicago, in no small part due to the city's heavy reliance on heavy industry. Mayor Richard J. Daley, a Democrat, was elected in 1955, in the era of machine politics. In 1966, Martin Luther King Jr. and Albert Raby led the Chicago Freedom Movement, which culminated in agreements between Mayor Richard J. Daley and the movement leaders. Two of the country's premier academic medical centers reside in Chicago, including Northwestern Memorial Hospital and the University of Chicago Medical Center. The population density of Chicago, IL was 11,943 in 2018. It was the second most visited city in the United States with 55 million local and global tourists, behind the assessed 62.8 million sightseers to New York City in 2017. Compare population statistics about Chicago, IL by race, age, gender, Latino/Hispanic origin etc. Community. The city has been a center for rave culture, since the 1980s. The Chicago Marathon is one of six World Marathon Majors. The break down of how many Black Or African American people live in Chicago, Illinois in 2020, 2019 by gender, age and family size. The Chicago Sky is a professional basketball team playing in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA). Chicago (/ʃɪˈkɑːɡoʊ/ (listen) shih-KAH-goh, locally also /ʃɪˈkɔːɡoʊ/ shih-KAW-goh;[8]), officially the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Illinois, and the third most populous city in the United States. The city claims three Dow 30 companies: aerospace giant Boeing, which moved its headquarters from Seattle to the Chicago Loop in 2001,[197] McDonald's and Walgreens Boots Alliance. [270] During much of that time, the city administration found opposition mainly from a liberal "independent" faction of the Democratic Party. [18] It is home to several Fortune 500 companies, including Allstate, Boeing, Caterpillar, Exelon, Kraft Heinz, McDonald's, Mondelez International, Sears, United Airlines Holdings, US Foods, and Walgreens. [183][179], The first two Parliament of the World's Religions in 1893 and 1993 were held in Chicago. The city and its surrounding metropolitan area contain the third-largest labor pool in the United States with about 4.63 million workers. The chief advocate for improving public health in Chicago was Dr. John H. Rauch, M.D. Many other architects have left their impression on the Chicago skyline such as Daniel Burnham, Louis Sullivan, Charles B. Atwood, John Root, and Helmut Jahn. These areas contribute famous skyscrapers, abundant restaurants, shopping, museums, a stadium for the Chicago Bears, convention facilities, parkland, and beaches. [162], Per U.S. Census estimates as of July 2019[update], Chicago's largest racial or ethnic group is non-Hispanic White at 32.8% of the population, Blacks at 30.1% and the Hispanic population at 29.0% of the population[163][164][165][166]. All of its major franchises have won championships within recent years – the Bears (1985), the Bulls (1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, and 1998), the White Sox (2005), the Cubs (2016), the Blackhawks (2010, 2013, 2015), and the Fire (1998). Full demographic report of Chicago, IL population including education levels, household income, job market, ethnic makeup, and languages. A number of statues also honor recent local heroes such as Michael Jordan (by Amrany and Rotblatt-Amrany), Stan Mikita, and Bobby Hull outside of the United Center; Harry Caray (by Amrany and Cella) outside Wrigley field, Jack Brickhouse (by McKenna) next to the WGN studios, and Irv Kupcinet at the Wabash Avenue Bridge. Du Sable was of African and French descent, born in the French colony of Saint-Domingue (Haiti), and arrived in the 1780s. [21] The city was ranked first in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global urban quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Richard Giraldi of the Chicago Sun-Times remarked on the significance of the label and wrote, "As important as Chess Records was to blues and soul music, Chicago's Wax Trax imprint was just as significant to the punk rock, new wave and industrial genres."[313]. [233], Chicken Vesuvio is roasted bone-in chicken cooked in oil and garlic next to garlicky oven-roasted potato wedges and a sprinkling of green peas. [277] Violent crime rates vary significantly by area of the city, with more economically developed areas having low rates, but other sections have much higher rates of crime. Population in 2017: 29,842 (100% urban, 0% rural). 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