All Rights Reserved NLG Webinar: "Dismantling the Doctrine of Discovery: Decolonization & Indigenous Self-Determination" PRC/EHRC Webinar Series via Zoom: Thurs. Robert Miller and Steven Newcomb—Native America, Discovered and Conquered: Thomas Jefferson, Lewis and Clark, and Manifest Destiny and Pagans in the Promised Land: Decoding the Doctrine of Discovery, respectively—have written books about the doctrine from a law perspective, and it figures prominently in Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz’s An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States. Tweaking our attitudes a little bit might even make the profession more attractive to the people whose land this has been for millennia. Landscape architects can start by informing ourselves. You’re exactly right that these basic historical facts are rarely discussed, especially not in fields of study involving land ownership in North America. While most situate its relevance in the historical … 1-888-999-2752 (Toll Free) The “Doctrine of Discovery” is a philosophical and legal framework dating to the 15th century that gave Christian governments moral and legal rights to invade and seize Indigenous lands and dominate Indigenous Peoples. I was already there. Ironically, the case didn't even directly involve any Native Americans. Doctrine of Discovery - CANCELLED at St. George's Anglican Church Events / Community. Put indigenous connection to the land we live on at the forefront. Support efforts in your area. More than 500 million indigenous peoples around the globe live today with the effects of the Doctrine's oppressive racism. While English common lands were quickly being enclosed and privatized, the “new” continent became a proving ground in a massive experiment in individual ownership of land. We can do our best to ensure that Indigenous people still have access to important places and cultural resources, such as plants critical to material production and traditional diet, and habitat essential to animals who are considered part of the community. The Doctrine of Discovery refers to a system of beliefs and 15th century Papal Bulls that gave permission for Christian colonizers to ‘i nvade, capture, subdue, and vanquish all pagans and Saracens’, who were seen as enemies of Christ. Over time, the ‘advanced civilization’ nourished by extractive technologies and market capitalism has resulted in industrial-scale pollution of water and air, and poisoned people, animals and plants with toxic and radioactive chemicals. Develop a personal critical consciousness on the issues which are pervaded by the institutionalization of the Doctrine of Discovery from the local-regional, continental-global context. Portugal was encouraged to “invade, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens, pagans, and other enemies of Christ, to put them into perpetual slavery, and to take away all their possessions and property.” [An English translation of this text can be found online. How do we do that you ask. On June 18, 1452, Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull, Dum Diversas. Well written and presented. Whatever form your practice takes, it ultimately involves land. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The discovery doctrine or doctrine of discovery is a legal term. The Doctrine of Discovery is the basis for all Indian land law in this country, and it has imposed similar burdens on indigenous peoples all over the world. But for the most part, students don’t learn about the mechanics of land theft—whether at the grade school level or in most landscape architecture programs. Here in Central Virginia, the Monacan Nation is fighting a project to build a pumping station on the site of their historic capital, Rassawek. Acting against the doctrine of discovery means nothing less than fundamentally changing the ways in which we have lived and imagined faith during the past 500 years. ( Log Out /  The Doctrine of Discovery undergirds many of the racist structures throughout the United States, the Global South, as well as across the globe. If you have any questions, comments, or … To really understand the American landscape, you need to know about the Doctrine of Discovery. Let us consider how the Doctrine of Discovery has formed our thoughts and understandings. Today, profit-driven development encourages sprawl and land degradation. And it didn’t stop there: allotment, industrialization, and even the creation of the National Park System chipped away at Indian landholdings and sovereignty over the following centuries (Spence, Mark David. Decolonizing Museums: Representing Native America in National and Tribal Museums. Start by reading some of the literature by Native authors. You find land; you own it, and the people in it. June 25, 2020 - Decolonization, Discovery, Sovereignty, and Neocolonialism. This is the impulse of white supremacy. This short film is part of 8 short, testimonial films, on the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois.) Realize that while empirical thinking and market capitalism are dominant modes of thinking, they’re not the only ones, and quite possibly not the best ones. Location: Online. And those progeny were among our first clients. Accounts vary as to the exact beginning of the doctrine, but it’s clear that a few papal bulls (essentially letters from … ( Log Out /  What if landscape architects did something similar in articles and promotional materials about our projects? October 20, 2020 | 20.00 ET The Doctrine of Discovery has been at the root of land dispossession across Turtle Island. Try to honor ways of thinking that do not see humans as separate from the land, and move away from seeing land as a commodity wherever possible. It defined the political boundaries we work within, and it influences how the land is used, its ecology, and our attitudes toward owning it—whether or not we’re aware of the doctrine’s existence. Great piece. These days, most people agree that not everyone benefited from the process of U.S. colonization. Remember that most of our neighborhoods and even our parks were conceived as segregated spaces until fairly recently. Speak to a wider audience. In the case of the slaughtering to near-extinction of the buffalo, it was an attempt to eliminate a keystone species in order to destroy both the food source and the spirit of whole nations of people. I applaud that proactivity! Dismantling the Doctrine of Discovery Annual Gathering and Conference. Their story is the one most of us learned and accepted. But unless you’re Native American, it’s likely you’ve never heard of “Discovery.” ASLA’s position on environmental justice calls on us to address unequal distribution of resources related to land, including clean air, water, and food. Fax: 1-202-898-1185, Copyright 2010 – 2021 We’re part of nature, not separate from it. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Every month during 2020, we will offer reflections on our church’s history and current reality in relationship to Indigenous communities, inviting our churches to consider the current impact of our historical actions. We can tell more complete stories. The American Society of Landscape Architects Tommy Orange takes us off the reservation and into urban Oakland in his novel There There. 198) I give you the Doctrine of Discovery. Without our voices, there is no real America possible” (“Erasure,” by Joy Harjo). This chapter discusses Indigenous conceptualizations of land, legal orders, and governmental authorities, and the problems of re-constructing history when not including indigenous peoples in the dialogue. With the help of the series of bulls and court decisions making up the Doctrine of Discovery, the idea that Christian conquerors had a right to occupy and own Indigenous lands became embedded in the national consciousness. The colonialist Doctrine of Discovery is at the root of unequal distribution in the United States, and for that reason it’s essential that we know about it. I will incorporate these tips! Last month ... Mark Charles April 14, 2020 Mark Charles, Navajo, Independent candidate for POTUS, Je Biden, Donald Trump, Mashpee Wampanoag, Reservation, Doctrine of Discovery, 2020 Election. A realization or ah ha moment in my formative years of learning the discipline of what is a landscape architect, I came to realize that they are trying to teach me to be “native” or an indian. In 2020 SCOTUS ruled that any time the US Congress can “muster the will” they can disestablish reservation lands and break treaties with Native nations. Lands already inhabited cannot be discovered. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! As a result the lands and possessions of indigenous peoples were seized and slavery was authorized in perpetuity. Sometimes the change took the form of mass deforestation for timber and agriculture. The American Society of Landscape Architects It means that if a country was not under the control of a king who was from Europe and Christian, then any European Christian country could take control of the land.The discovery doctrine ignores any claim to … Title: Mother Earth’s Pandemic: The Doctrine of Discovery. We are organizing our 2020 annual gathering around an online conference sponsored by the Indigenous Values Initiative and American Indian Law Alliance. Keep up the great work! The printed Latin text can be accessed here. Wow! In the 19th century SCOTUS ruled that land titles were based on the Doctrine of Discovery and that the US Constitution was not meant to protect African Americans. As our Poet Laureate Joy Harjo has said of her fellow Native Americans, “America does not have a story without us, yet we are often denied a place in the larger narrative. White settlers broke treaties with Native American nations, drove the buffalo nearly to extirpation, and ripped children from their mothers to be sold as slaves in the service of cotton production. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Great article–very thought-provoking. The Doctrine of Discovery emanates from a series of Papal Bulls (formal statements from the Pope) and extensions, originating in the 1400s. The Doctrine of Discovery It is our intention that this study guide will be used with the presentations from “Mother Earth’s Pandemic” to direct discussions about the Doctrine of Christian Discovery and Domination in your religious or community groups. Doctrine of Discovery—in the name of Christ. 636 Eye Street, NW Washington, DC 20001-3736, Phone: 202-898-2444 The ecological systems many of us are working hard to support have been altered heavily through European settlement. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The fact that the United States has monuments, history books and proclamations referring to Christopher Columbus as the ‘discoverer of America’ reveals the implicit racial bias; that Native people specifically and people of color in general, are not fully human. The nature of this topic interests me. I feel like we need a whole new system, but I’m certainly not the one to invent it. Where we have the opportunity to provide site interpretation, we can go beyond the arrowheads and potsherds of ancient history. Thanks for your comments. Plymouth 400th Remembrance at GA 2020. Contact. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The ELCA has repudiated the Doctrine of Discovery, but this is only a start. I wish I had an answer to the question about redefining market capitalism. And ‘Discovery’ shaped the land. Follow The Field to receive notifications of new posts. The first set of documents that would compose the Doctrine of Discovery. This might seem like something we’re already doing, but if you approach our works and our texts from different perspectives, you realize we have a long way to go. The world is ours. In 2020 SCOTUS ruled that any time the US Congress can “muster the will” they can disestablish reservation lands and break treaties with Native nations. Johnson v McIntosh . The Doctrine of Discovery educational resource, is lovingly maintained by Indigenous Values Initiative and the American Indian Law Alliance.It is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.. They imagined themselves as bringing salvation to native souls and making a barren wilderness fruitful. The doctrine holds that these rights apply as against both Indigenous peoples and other European sovereigns. The bull itself resides in the National Archives at Lisbon.] Wealth, embodied in land and other assets, became concentrated among white settlers and their progeny. The legacy of the discovery precedent continues today, as corporations, government entities, and private citizens insist that Native Americans rights must give way to the “greater good” of pipelines, mining, and ranching. Then let us hold it up against the Gospel of Jesus Christ and commit to walking that path. Listen. Until we remove the racism, sexism and white supremacy from our foundations, until we actually abolish slavery and until we remove the Doctrine of Discovery as the legal precedent for land titles, We the People will never mean #AllThePeople. While the doctrine of discovery is closely related to the concept of terra nullius (land belonging to no one), it is a conceptual tool that has been used even for lands that clearly did belong to others, as discussed below. ( Log Out /  The Doctrine of Discovery allowed Europeans to decide the fate of most of the land. I would refer to ours as Truth and Conciliation. Do you think that if we redefine market capitalism it can coexist with the reality that humans are connected with the land and vice-versa? Change ). The “Doctrine of Discovery,” better described as the “Doctrine of Christian Discovery and World Domination,” established the worldview that not only brought devastation to the natural world, but also impaired the ability for human beings to live in proper relationship with the Earth. Doctrine of Discovery: “European nations acquired title to the lands they “discovered” and Indigenous inhabitants lost their natural right to that land after Europeans had arrived and claimed it.” (quoted from Buying American from the Indians in An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States, pg. As recently as 2005, the US Supreme Court referenced the Doctrine of Discovery in a case regarding indigenous rights and land titles. We can also reframe advocacy for public lands, seeing them not just as sites for recreation and preservation of ‘wilderness’, but as places that still rightfully belong to Native Americans. 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