Texas voters approved this Ordinance on February 23, 1861. Made in USA - Lone Star - United States of America. [389] In central Texas, the southern section of the State Highway 130 toll road has a speed limit of 85 miles per hour (137 km/h), the highest in the nation. [434], In the 2014 Texas elections, the Tea Party movement made large gains, with numerous Tea Party favorites being elected into office, including Dan Patrick as lieutenant governor,[435][436] Ken Paxton as attorney general,[435][437] in addition to numerous other candidates[437] including conservative Republican Greg Abbott as governor. This entire culture group, primarily centered in northeastern Mexico, is now extinct. [431] Other stated reasons included court-ordered redistricting and the demographic shift in relation to the Sun Belt that favored the Republican Party and conservatism. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and the Southwestern regions. [6] The 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program determined the population was 27,469,114 on July 1, 2015. Texas has four metropolitan areas with populations greater than a million: Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, Houston–Sugar Land–The Woodlands, San Antonio–New Braunfels, and Austin–Round Rock–San Marcos. A rate unmatched in any other U.S. state or economically developed country. [195] These cities are spread out amongst the state. During the 2014 crisis, many Central Americans, including unaccompanied minors traveling alone from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, reached the state, overwhelming Border Patrol resources for a time. The African American population in Texas is increasing due to the New Great Migration. While Texas has few natural lakes, Texans have built more than a hundred artificial reservoirs. Member institutions are located in the southwestern United States, with schools in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Arkansas.. [23][21] [426][427], Although Texas was essentially a one-party state during this time and the Democratic primary was viewed as "the real election", the Democratic Party had conservative and liberal factions, which became more pronounced after the New Deal. [138] As of December 28, 2020, there had been 1.7 million confirmed cases in Texas, with at least 27,245 deaths. They have no other settlement or location than comes from traveling around with the cows. The smallest airport in the state to be designated an international airport is Del Rio International Airport. Within the "Big Four" professional leagues, Texas has two NFL teams (the Dallas Cowboys and the Houston Texans), two Major League Baseball teams (the Houston Astros and the Texas Rangers), three NBA teams (the San Antonio Spurs, the Houston Rockets, and the Dallas Mavericks), and one National Hockey League team (the Dallas Stars). The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texas state seal. [152][153], Texas is the second-largest U.S. state, after Alaska, with an area of 268,820 square miles (696,200 km2). [95], Texas was at war again after the election of 1860. [430][431] Commentators have also attributed the shift to Republican political consultant Karl Rove, who managed numerous political campaigns in Texas in the 1980s and 1990s. An estimated 637,000 lived in Texas from 15 to 19 and 20 years or more. [245] In some areas of the state—particularly in the large cities—Western American English and General American English, is increasingly common. [247], At the census of 2010, 65.8% (14,740,304) of Texas residents age 5 and older spoke only English at home, while 29.2% (6,543,702) spoke Spanish, 0.75 percent (168,886) Vietnamese, and Chinese (which includes Cantonese and Mandarin) was spoken by 0.56% (122,921) of the population over five. Texas's most notable Unionist was the state Governor, Sam Houston. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex is one of only twelve American metropolitan areas that host sports teams from all the "Big Four" professional leagues. The Texas A&M Aggies left the Big 12 and joined the Southeastern Conference in 2012, which led the Big 12 to invite TCU to join; TCU was previously in the Mountain West Conference. It served as the largest hub for the former Continental Airlines, which was based in Houston; it serves as the largest hub for United Airlines, the world's third-largest airline, by passenger-miles flown. [109] In 2017, Hurricane Harvey made landfall in Rockport as a Category 4 Hurricane, causing significant damage there. Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics: Texas", "Rough Country: How Texas Became America's Most Powerful Bible-Belt State", "Texas Online: Muslim growth adds to Texas diversity", "Jewish Population in the United States by State", Religion and public life in the southern crossroads: showdown states, "Dallas Museum Lands a Rich Trove of Islamic Art", "Gross Domestic Product by State, Annual 2019", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Fortune 500 2010: States: Texas Companies", "Fortune 500 2010: States: California Companies", "Why does Texas (Taxus) have the highest property taxes and 3rd highest sales tax? Academic Readiness ( STAAR ) in primary and secondary school competitions 1803 Louisiana,. Or even Dhegihan Siouans and people of all Texans live in major metropolitan areas such as and. 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