On my way to meet friends at Moraine State Park last Friday, I stopped to check a few coves for tundra swans. [Bonasa umbellus.] Tree: Eastern Hemlock More Symbols and Emblems. Photo by Susan Drury/Flickr (Use Permitted with Attribution). It also feeds on the leaves of several speciesof evergreens, Although these are only resorted to when other food hasbecome scarce. Source | Reference Links | Additional Resources, Ruffed Grouse: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; All About Birds, Pennsylvania's State Symbols (pdf): PA Senate R. The ruffed grouse served as the official game bird of Pennsylvania before it was adopted as the state bird. The Ruffed Grouse is still a familiar sight in Pennsylvania's forests. vasantha t k … A relative of turkeys, quail, and pheasants, the ruffed grouse is found across much of North America, particularly in very cold areas. Biog., vol. The same trunk is resorted to by the same birds during the season, unlessthey are frequently disturbed. Despite its singularly focused name, Bald Eagle State Park has one of the highest bird species lists of any Pennsylvania site. It means “Penn's Woodland” State Motto: Virtue, liberty, and independence. Orn., vol. The Pennsylvania Ornithological Records Committee is tasked with keeping the Official List of the Birds of Pennsylvania, revised every five years for publication in Pennsylvania Birds, our statewide journal.The most recent version of the list (click to view) was published in July 2018. At the sound produced bythe bladder and the stick, the male Grouse, inflamed with jealousy, hasflown directly towards me, when, being prepared, I have easily shot it.An equally successful stratagem is employed to decoy the males of our littlePartridge by imitating the call-note of the female during spring and summer;but in no instance, after repeated trials, have I been able to entice thePinnated Grouse to come towards me, whilst imitating the booming soundsof that bird. TETRAO UMBELLUS, Linn. The ruffed grouse was an important part of the food supply for early settlers, and it’s still a familiar sight in Pennsylvania forests today. Pennsylvania's State Flag is composed of a blue field on which is embroidered the State Coat of Arms. It may happen, however, that in districts covered with deep snowfor several weeks, during severe winters, these birds, becoming emaciatedand weak, may stand a repetition of shots from a person determined to shootGrouse even when they are good for nothing; but, kind reader, this barbaroustaste is, I hope, no more yours than it is mine. The species is best known for the striking courtship displays put on by males during the breeding season. The width of the duodenum is 5 1/2 twelfths; that of the greaterpart of the rest of the intestine 6 twelfths; the cloaca, [k], is not enlarged. During the short period of their lingeringalong the north-west shore of the Ohio that season, a great number of themwere killed, and they were sold in the Cincinnati market for so small asum as 12 1/2 cents each. They are able to fly for a few yards at a time, when only sixor seven days old, and still very small. A few moments elapse, when the bird draws the whole of itsfeathers close to its body, and stretching itself out, beats its sideswith its wings, in the manner of the domestic Cock, but more loudly, andwith such rapidity of motion, after a few of the first strokes, as to causea tremor in the air not unlike the rumbling of distant thunder. I have observed this speciescopulating towards autumn, but have not been able to account for this unseasonableprocedure, as only one brood is raised in the season. State Bird of Pennsylvania - Ruffed Goose. The latter never covers themon leaving the nest, and in consequence, the Raven and the Crow, alwayson the look out for such dainties, frequently discover and eat them. I say still more uncertain, because at this puttingup of the birds, they generally rise higher over the bushes, flying ina straight course, whereas at the second start, they often fly among thelaurels, and rise above them in a circuitous manner, when to follow themalong the barrel of the gun is considerably more difficult. Some places support a greater variety of species because of the richness or diversity of their habitats. The little ones squatat the least chuck of alarm from the mother, and lie so close as to sufferone to catch them in the hand, should he chance to discover them, which,however, it is very difficult to do. The female, whichnever drums, flies directly to the place where the male is thus engaged,and, on approaching him, opens her wings before him, balances her bodyto the right and left, and then receives his caresses. Vintage postcard the Pennsylvania State Bird, the Ruffled Grouse, by artist Richard Sloan. Theproventricular glands are large, 3 twelfths long, occupying a space ofonly 7 twelfths of an inch in breadth. Rhode Island State Bird. They are brought to the markets in great numbers, duringthe winter months, and sell at from 75 cents to a dollar apiece, in theeastern cities. Feet ofordinary length; tarsus feathered, excepting at the lower part anteriorly,where it is scutellate, spurless; toes scutellate above, pectinated onthe sides; claws arched, depressed, obtuse. There are two regulations in Pennsylvania, one for bird banding and the other for scientific collecting. The rest of the under parts yellowish-white,with broad transverse spots of brownish-red; the abdomen yellowish-red;and the under tail-coverts mottled with brown. John Heinz at Tinicum National Wildlife Refuge. The ruffed grouse is a hardy bird which thrives during severe winters that decimate flocks of quail, pheasants, and turkeys. This is placed by theside of a prostrate tree, or at the foot of a low bush, on the ground,in a spot where a heap of dried leaves has been formed by the wind. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. According to Dr. RICHARDSON, it reachesnorthward as far as the 56th parallel, and spends the winter on the banksof the Saskatchewan, where it is plentiful. Length 18 inches, extent of wings 2 feet; bill along the ridge 3/4,along the gap 1 1/2; tarsus 1 7/12, middle toe 1 3/4. Strong flight, alternates shallow wing beats with brief periods of wings pulled to sides. Although these birds are particularly attached to the craggy sides ofmountains and hills, and the rocky borders of rivers and small streams,thickly mantled with evergreen trees and small shrubs of the same nature,they at times remove to low lands, and even enter the thickest cane-brakes,where they also sometimes breed. Under the laws of Pennsylvania, the game bird industry in the state is licensed and regulated by the Pennsylvania Game Commission. Most grouse are brown with white, gray, and black markings. Pennsylvania is a state that has plenty of hawk activity. Perhaps, after all, the preference may depend upon a peculiarityin my own taste; or I may give the superiority to the Ruffed Grouse, becauseit is as rarely met with in the Southern States, where I have chiefly resided,as the Pinnated Grouse is in the Middle Districts; and were the bon-vivantsof our eastern cities to be occasionally satiated with the latter birds,as I have been, they might possibly think their flesh as dry and flavourlessas I do. The ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) was designated the official state bird of Pennsylvania in 1931. In England and Scotland there are thousands of situations thatare by nature perfectly suited to their habits, and I have not a doubtthat a few years of attention would be sufficient to render them quiteas common as the Grey Partridge. vi. Fish: Brook Trout. On rising from the ground, the bird utters a cacklingnote repeated six or seven times, and before taking wing emits a lispingsort of whistle, which seems as if produced by the young of another bird,and is very remarkable. Article by The Story of Santa's Birds. & Rich. In the maritime portions of South Carolina it doesnot exist. p. 560. The state flower of Pennsylvania is the mountain laurel. Below is a list of U.S. state birds as designated by each state's legislature, as well as the District of Columbia's state bird. Thesegroves afford them abundant food and security. It is now ascertained that this species extends over the whole breadthof the Continent, it being found from our Atlantic districts to those borderingthe Pacific Ocean, Mr. TOWNSEND having observed it on the Missouri andalong the Columbia river, and Mr. DRUMMOND having procured specimens inthe valleys of the Columbia river. As the season advances, the drummingis repeated more frequently at all hours of the day; and where these birdsare abundant, this curious sound is heard from all parts of the woods inwhich they reside. Wings short, broad, much rounded and curved, the third and fourthquills longest. Enacted by the General Assembly on April 29, 1982; State Bird: Ruffed Grouse. Thenest is composed of dried leaves and herbaceous plants. Amer.,vol. Depending on the time of year they can look very different. The ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) was designated the official state bird of Pennsylvania in 1931; one of 10 species of grouse native to North America. The state flower of Pennsylvania is the mountain laurel. The drummer usually stands on a log, stone or mound of dirt to drum - a stage for his display that also enables a more distant view. It was championed by Mrs. Harry J. Shoemaker, Chairman of birds and flowers and the officers of the State Federation of Women's Clubs. 12,801,989 Total area (sq mi) 46,054 Total area (sq km) 119,280 Governor Tom Wolf (Democrat) State nickname Keystone State Not more than two or threedays elapse after they have reached the opposite shore, when they at onceproceed to the interior of the forests, in search of places congenial tothe general character of their habits. The eggs usually measure an inch and a half inlength, by an inch and two-twelfths in breadth, and are of a uniform dullyellowish tint. Early in spring, these birds are frequently seen feeding on the tenderbuds of different trees, and at that season are more easily approachedthan at any other. Enacted by the General Assembly on April 29, 1982; State Bird: Ruffed Grouse. 12,801,989 Total area (sq mi) 46,054 Total area (sq km) 119,280 Governor Tom Wolf (Democrat) State nickname Keystone State Several or perhaps all of them are also present in southern Ontario too. Online interactive printable Pennsylvania State Bird coloring page for students to color and print. The first State Flag bearing the State Coat of Arms was authorized by the General Assembly in 1799. In Pennsylvania, Audubon’s actions strive to identify and conserve our highest priority and most threatened bird species and habitats. Capital Harrisburg Population 1 (2010) 12,702,379; (2019 est.) Text messaging has replaced phone Rare Bird Alerts. i. p. 657. The state bird of Pennsylvania is the ruffed grouse. In Massachusetts, Maine, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia, itis very plentiful; but I saw none in Labrador, although I was assured thatit occurs there, and did not hear of it in Newfoundland. The Pennsylvania state bird, the Ruffed Grouse, is medium-sized and lives in the Appalachian Mountains. Ruffed Grouse on drumming log; photo © Jake Dingel / PGC Photo (used by permission). Syn., p. 126. November 16, 2020 Bird Behavior, Doves & Chickens Kate St. John. The gentle coolness thatprevails in them during the summer heat is agreeable and beneficial tothese birds, and the closeness of their undergrowth in other spots moderatesthe cold blasts of winter. The female laysfrom five to twelve eggs, which are of a uniform dull yellowish colour,and are proportionate in size to the bird. Thebronchi are very short, rather wide, of about 12 half rings. Pennsylvania State Facts. TETRAO UMBELLUS, Bonap. Use the map to pinpoint the location of the dead bird(s). Find bid opportunities from Pennsylvania state and local governments Bids and Contracts from Pennsylvania state governments, municipalities and counties as well as cities such as: Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie, Reading, Scranton, Bethlehem, … The males have the liberty of promiscuousconcubinage, although not to such an extent as those of the Pinnated Grouse.They have frequent and severe battles at this season, which, although witnessedby the females, are never interrupted by them. There are no inferior laryngeal muscles. Pennsylvania Birding Resources. © 2020 Powered by Digital Properties, LLC. It has a border with Ohio on the west, West Virginia on the south and west, Maryland and Delaware on the south, New Jersey on the east, and New York and Lake Erie on the north.. These birds have various enemies besides man. Discover a community—more than 700,000 strong—driven to make a difference. Theyoung birds often prove equally difficult to be obtained, for as they areraised from amongst the closely tangled laurels, they only fly a few yards,and again drop among them. A large space on the neck destitute of feathers, but coveredover by an erectile ruff of elongated feathers, of which the upper aresilky, shining, and curved forwards at the end, which is very broad androunded. Pennsylvania is a great state for watching birds. I have often been lying on the ground inthe woods or the fields for hours at a time, for the express purpose ofobserving the movements and habits of different birds, and have frequentlyseen a Partridge or a Grouse rise on wing from within a few yards of thespot in which I lay unobserved by them, as gently and softly as any otherbird, and without producing any whirring sound. To procure the latter, they issuefrom the groves of the Kentucky Barrens, and often stray to the distanceof a mile. PLATE CCXCIII.–MALES AND FEMALE. State Bird of Pennsylvania By John James Audubon, F. R. SS. p.46. "Pennsylvania" is the official state song of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. If started from theground, with or without the assistance of a dog, they immediately alighton the nearest trees, and are easily shot. Male, female, juvenile. Licensed Propagators. Diet: Omnivore; About 80% buds, leaves, flowers, seeds, and fruit; 20% insects, spiders, snails, small … Oct 15, 2013 - State Bird of Pennsylvania - Ruffed Grouse at SongbirdGarden.com The state bird of Pennsylvania is Bonasa umbellus, the ruffed grouse.A relative of turkeys, quail, and pheasants, the ruffed grouse is found across much of North America, particularly in very cold areas. This leads me to remark, that the prevailing notion which exists inalmost every district where these birds are numerous, that on firing atthe lowest bird perched on a tree, the next above will not fly, and thatby continuing to shoot at the lowest in succession, the whole may be killed,is contradicted by my experience; for on every attempt which I have madeto shoot several in this manner on the same tree, my efforts have provedunsuccessful, unless indeed during a fall of snow, when I have killed threeand sometimes four. Pole-cats, weasels, racoons, opossums,and foxes, are all destructive foes to them. RUFFED GROUSE, Tetrao umbellus, Aud. The state capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg.The largest city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia. Scientific Name: Bonasa umbellus Seasons and Bag Limits: 2020-21 Digest, Small Game Section. Quills brownish-dusky, their outerwebs pale reddish, spotted with dusky. These trunks are easily known by the quantityof excrements and feathers about them. The flight of the Ruffed Grouse is straight-forward, rather low, unlesswhen the bird has been disturbed, and seldom protracted beyond a few hundredyards at a time. The Ruffed Grouse, Pennsylvania's state bird since 1931, is in danger of leaving the Keystone state due to climate change. Feathers of the head narrow and elongated intoa curved tuft. Ruffed grouse; displaying for a hen. Many of them are taken alive intrap boxes during winter, although the more common method of catching orrather destroying them is by setting dead falls with a figure-of-four trigger. November 16, 2020 Bird Behavior, Doves & Chickens Kate St. John. Pennsylvania: Entered the Union: December 12, 1787 (2) Capital: Harrisburg Origin of Name: In honor of Admiral Sir William Penn, father of William Penn.It means “Penn's Woodland.” State Nickname: Keystone State State Motto: Virtue, liberty, and independence State Flower: Mountain Laurel State Tree: Hemlock State Animal: White-tailed Deer State Bird: Ruffed Grouse Information about the official Pennsylvania state bird. Whenthe female is present, however, she generally defends them with great obstinacy,striking the intruder with her wings and feet, in the manner of the CommonHen. To report a bird, please fill in ALL appropriate information below and click submit. Pennsylvania’s State Bird Chased My Car. ... low vegetation. They roost on trees, amongst the thickest parts of the foliage,sitting at some distance from each other, and may easily be smoked to death,by using the necessary precautions. This was an update to the 2011 version of the list (click to view). The plumage of the female is less developed and inferior in beauty.The feathers of the head and ruff are less elongated, the latter of a dullerblack. An act of the General Assembly of June 13, 1907, standardized the flag and required that the blue field match the blue of Old Glory. Resources: The Birdzilla.com web site has a very large section on bird identification, including sections on improving your bird identification skills to helping you identify a bird … To thewest of the Alleghanies, and on those mountains, the first name is generallyused. Boasting an amazing eight species of hawks commonly within the state, it is always possible to find at least one to watch in the right areas.. With its expansive natural areas and interesting animals, the hawk is able to freely hunt, nest, and live within this state. Pennsylvania State Symbols This resource allows students to color Pennsylvainia's state bird, flower, tree, and license plate. The Pennsylvania ruffled grouse, sometimes called the partridge, was declared the state bird by the PA General Assembly on June 22, 1931. There this species breeds, and is at all timesto be found. In fact,I do not believe that it is emitted by any species of Grouse, unless whensurprised and forced to rise. In such placesas the groves just mentioned, the species now before you, kind reader,is to be met with, as you travel towards the south, through the whole ofTennessee and the Choctaw Territory; but as you approach the city of Natchezthey disappear, nor have I ever heard of one of these birds having beenseen in the State of Louisiana. Read on to find out more about our state symbols. The ruffed grouse is the official state bird of Pennsylvania. Some dressed birds are also sold to individuals and the gourmet food markets. In spring, drumming becomes more frequent and prolonged as the ruffed grouse cock advertises his location to hens seeking a mate. Pennsylvania is known as the "Keystone State"because of its central location among the US original thirteen colonies, Pennsylvania is where the US Declaration of Independence was signed and the Liberty Bell is located.The state contains the largest settlement of Pennsylvania Dutch (Amish and Mennonites) in the world. The charming groves which here and there contrast so beautifully withthe general dull appearance of those parts of Kentucky and Tennessee, towhich the name of Barrens is given, are sought by the Ruffed Grouse. Birds of North America from in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania has many official “mascots.”Each of these symbols is connected to history, honors a native species, or recognizes a product of importance to Pennsylvania’s economy. You must not be surprised that I thus express an opinion contradictoryto that of our Eastern epicures, who greatly prefer the flesh of the PinnatedGrouse to that of the present species, for I have had abundant opportunityof knowing both. Most grouse are brown with white, gray, and black markings. Pennsylvania's 100 Best Birding Locations . It was designated the Pennsylvania State Bird … Welcome. Common from Maryland to Labrador, and in the interior from the mountainousdistricts to Canada and the Saskatchewan. This Rhode Island state bird coloring sheet features a popular breed of chicken. Should the bird discover that it is observed, its stepimmediately changes to a rapid run, its head is lowered, the tail is morewidely spread, and if no convenient hiding-place is at hand, it immediatelytakes flight with as much of the whirring sound as it can produce, as ifto prove to the observer, that, when on wing, it cares as little abouthim as the deer pretends to do, when, on being started by the hound, hemakes several lofty bounds, and erects his tail to the breeze. Birders will find a combination of waterbirds on the park’s 1,700-acre lake, interesting nesting birds, and excellent migrant watching in … Pennsylvania was the 2 nd state in the USA; it became a state on December 12, 1787.. State Abbreviation - PA State Capital - Harrisburg Largest City - Philadelphia Area - 46,058 square miles [Pennsylvania is the 33rd biggest state in the USA] Population - 12,773,801 (as of 2013) [Pennsylvania is the sixth most populous state in the USA, after California, New York, Texas, Florida and Illinois] The size of these birds, the beauty of their plumage, the excellenceof their flesh, and their peculiar mode of flying, would render them valuable,and add greatly to the interest of the already diversified sports of thatcountry. At Pittsburg I have bought them, some years ago, for 121/2 cents the pair. They aresometimes caught while beneath the snow. I love Pennsylvania and love the songbirds of this state. Unfortunately, however, they have not by this time recoveredtheir flesh sufficiently to render them worthy of the attention of a truesportsman, although their flavour has already improved. Enacted by the General Assembly on October 2, 1959; State Beverage: Milk. Learn more fun facts and add color to bring it to life! Pennsylvania Nickname: Keystone State. Thesepartial movings might not be noticed, were not the birds obliged to flyacross rivers of great breadth, as whilst in the mountain lands their groupsare as numerous as those which attempt these migrations; but on the north-westbanks of the Ohio and Susquehanna rivers, no one who pays the least attentionto the manners and habits of our birds, can fail to observe them. The width of the mouthis 8 twelfths. A-Z list of all state birds | best collection of beautiful bird pictures. The food of this species consists of seeds and berries of all kinds,according to the season. The first State Flag bearing the State Coat of Arms was authorized by the General Assembly in 1799. It is also stiff, and performed with a continued beatingof the wings for more than half its duration, after which the bird sailsand seems to balance its body as it proceeds through the air, in the mannerof a vessel sailing right before the wind. Species Status Update. Perhaps I should write on the songbirds in my neck of the woods now :-) Thanks and regards, Suhail and my dog K2. Pennsylvania's 63,200 farms (occupying nearly 8 million acres) are the backbone of the state's economy, producing a wide variety of crops. The tongue is triangular, flattened, sagittate and papillateat the base, 9 twelfths long, fleshy and pointed. It was championed by Mrs. Harry J. Shoemaker, Chairman of birds and flowers and the officers of the State Federation of Women's Clubs. This, kindreader, is the "drumming" of the Pheasant. The Pennsylvania state bird, the Ruffed Grouse, is medium-sized and lives in the Appalachian Mountains. More info Download Worksheet Want to download this whole set as a single PDF? Capital Harrisburg Population 1 (2010) 12,702,379; (2019 est.) Orn. It is said that when they have fed for several weekson the leaves of the Kalmia latifolia, it is dangerous to eat their flesh,and I believe laws have been passed to prevent their being sold at thatseason. The same appellation is employed in the Middle Districts, to theeast of the mountains, and until you enter the State of Connecticut; afterwhich that of Partridge prevails. I suspect it is only when the birds have beenkept a long time undrawn and unplucked, that the flesh becomes impregnatedwith the juice of these leaves. Read more Leading commodities are dairy products, corn, cattle and calves, mushrooms, poultry and eggs, a variety of fruits, sweet corn, potatoes, maple syrup, and Christmas trees. Pennsylvania State Symbols Pennsylvania State Symbols, Emblems, and Mascots. With more than 400 species of birds documented in the state, including 186 breeding species of birds, a birder will find year round opportunity to engage in bird watching. Nor even when this Grouseascends to the top of a tree, does it make any greater noise than otherbirds of the same size would do. On my way to meet friends at Moraine State Park last Friday, I stopped to check a few coves for tundra swans. When the ground is bare of snow, they feed on a variety of green leaves, fruits, and some insects (ruffed grouse have also been known to eat snakes, frogs and salamanders). There is a statewide one (PARBA) and several regional ones (see … The same cause produces the same effect on differentbirds. Sometimes,when these birds are found on the sides of a steep hill, the moment theystart, they dive towards the foot of the declivity, take a turn, and flyoff in a direction so different from the one expected, that unless thesportsman is aware of the trick, he may not see them again that day. State Animal: Whitetail Deer. Throat and lower part of theneck light brownish-yellow. Nostrilsconcealed among the feathers. Last updated July 2020 Website Pennsylvania Game and Fish Commission Contacts Pennsylvania Game Commission 2001 Elmerton Ave. Harrisburg, PA 17110 Phone: (717) 783-8164 Is a state permit needed for banding? Their drumming is to be heard issuing from these peacefulretreats in early spring, at the same time that the booming of their relative,the Pinnated Grouse, is recognised, as it reaches the ear of the traveller,from the different parts of the more open country around. Early in April, the Ruffed Grouse begins to drum immediately after dawn,and again towards the close of day. ii. Official state symbols, emblems, and icons of Pennsylvania - places to see in Pennsylvania - landmarks, parks, historic markers, cities and towns - learn the culture and history of Pennsylvania! But that this is an error, I have abundantly satisfiedmyself by numberless observations. The campaign to adopt the ruffed grouse as the state bird was spearheaded by the General Federation of Women's Clubs (GFWC). The shooting of Grouse of this species is precarious, and at times verydifficult, on account of the nature of the places which they usually prefer.Should, for instance, a covey of these birds be raised from amongst Laurels(Kalmia latifolia) or the largest species of Bay (Rhododendron maximum),these shrubs so intercept the view of them, that, unless the sportsmanproves quite an adept in the difficult art of pulling the trigger of hisgun at the proper moment, and quickly, his first chance is lost, and thenext is very uncertain. About the beginning of May, the female retires to some thicket in aclose part of the woods, where she forms a nest. [Ruffed Grouse.] The drumming is performed in the following manner. The Pennsylvania Science Olympiad (PASO) Board of Directors welcome you to our state site, part of National Science Olympiad Inc. Science Olympiad increases the quality of K‑12 science education by providing learning opportunities and hosting regional and state tournaments. Great for interactive notebooks and state reports. Columbia river. The duodenum, [h i], curves at thedistance of 4 inches. Pennsylvania state bird, state population, state symbols and other information for the state of Pennsylvania. Learn more fun facts and add color to bring it to life! Popular searches: Reading , Money , Fractions , Sight Words , Multiplication Pennsylvania has many official “mascots.”Each of these symbols is connected to history, honors a native species, or recognizes a product of importance to Pennsylvania’s economy. It is non-migratory. The ruffed grouse was adopted as Pennsylvania's state bird on June 22, 1931, the same day its state tree was adopted. The tints of the plumage generally are lighter than in the male. 2. Sometimes called the partridge, the ruffed grouse is one of 10 species of grouse native to North America, ranging mostly in regions where snow is an important part of the winter scene (consistently covering the ground from late November to at least late March). The trachea is 6 inches long, rather slender, its breadth at the top3 twelfths, at the lower part 2 1/2 twelfths. I cannot conclude this article, kind reader, without observing how desirablethe acquisition of this species might be to the sportsmen of Europe, andespecially to those of England, where I am surprised it has not yet beenintroduced. On the ground, where the Ruffed Grouse spends a large portion of itstime, its motions are peculiarly graceful. The Nifty Fifty. When this bird rises from theground at a time when pursued by an enemy, or tracked by a dog, it producesa loud whirring sound, resembling that of the whole tribe, excepting theBlack Cock of Europe, which has less of it than any other species. RUFFED GROUSE, Nutt. 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