Enrich Your Learning: Sigur Plateau. This area supports over 6,300 elephants,[5] that represents the largest single population of elephants and tigers in India. Plateaus are often by themselves with no surrounding plateau. As agriculture expanded and tiger habitat shrank, Tamil Nadu stopped all tiger hunting in the Sigur reserve in 1965. If you score less, please … Continue reading "QUIZ – 2020: Insights Current Affairs Quiz, 23 October 2020" Sep 27,2020 - UPSC Prelims Past Year Paper 2017: Paper 1 (GS) | 100 Questions MCQ Test has questions of UPSC preparation. However, the means for working the forest on a larger scale were obtained by an early sale of sandal wood,[13] Sigur Plateau (Segur Plateau) is a plateau in the north and east of Nilgiri District in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. Of the 55 tourist facilities on the plateau only two had legally run bars, however, most of the facilities do serve alcohol to their guests. The north side of the plateau is defined by the Moyar River and the 260 metres (853 ft) deep Moyar Gorge. Jan 01, 2021 - Previous Year Questions (PYQs): Geography Prelims Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. It has its formation associated with the breaking of Gondwana land. It is a nomadic survival place for Elephants in the form of forest. National Geographic describes plateaus as flat and elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side. [8], On 26 August 2010, Jairam Ramesh the Indian Minister of State for Environment and Forests asked Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu M Karunanidhi for the Tamil Nadu government to favourably consider a proposal from his ministry to declare the Sigur Plateau in the Nilgiris as a buffer zone of the Mudumalai National Park. The following quiz will have 5-10 MCQs. Beyond News. A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for vultures. NW Bandipur National Park & Nagarhole National Park, N-Mysore District, Sigur Plateau (Segur Plateau) is a plateau in the north and east of Nilgiri District in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. This quiz is intended to introduce you to concepts and certain important facts relevant to UPSC IAS civil services preliminary exam 2020. One can interact with working elephants and see how they are fed at the Elephant Feeding Camp in Theppakadu. [29] These are cattle grazing, coffee and tea plantations and other crops cultivation, private tourist resorts, Invasive weeds, fuel wood collection, non-timber forest products (NTFP) collection, legal status of the corridor, and vehicular traffic particularly during night hours. EVICTION OF RESORTS IN ELEPHANT CORRIDOR | UPSC LAW OPTIONAL MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS | ENVIRONMENTAL LAW The Elephant corridor situated in Sigur Plateau, connecting Western and Eastern Ghats is famous for large population of Elephants in Tamil Nadu. [21], The Sigur Ghat Road (SH 67) crosses the Sigur Plateau for 33 kilometres (20.5 mi) from Ooty to Theppakadu. There is a considerable gene flow between the nearly 2,000 elephants in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and the 1,800 in the Eastern Ghats, especially Sathyamangalam. However, by this time the Conservator of Forests of Madras Presidency, Dr. Hugh Cleghorn stated that "This forest has been much exhausted by a succession of unscrupulous contractors, and there is very little teak or Bombay Blackwood (Rosewood) at present fit for felling. If it’s your second attempt, share your previous score along with present score as well. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. The Politics of Conservation as Translated in Mudumalai", "Western Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris. The captive elephants in the sanctuary are no longer used for timber extraction work. ... (UPSC CSE 2019) | Mock Interview – Watch On YouTube. Watch to learn: How UPSC frames questions for prelims. Your email address will not be published. [19], Due to rainfall differences, there are tropical dry deciduous forest, part of the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests ecoregion in the west part of Sigur, while the eastern part has more thorn scrub forests. The Deccan Plateau has western ghats and eastern ghats of India. This test is Rated positive by 94% students preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is related to UPSC syllabus, prepared by UPSC teachers. [16] How to minimize one’s mistakes and maximize score The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. Recently, the sighting of a pair of Asian king vultures and a juvenile in the Sigur plateau is a cause for optimism that the species may be re-establishing itself in the region. The Moyar River Gorge, also called the Moyar Canyon, is a dramatic 20 km (12 mi) long gorge which plunges into the gorge below Theppakadu in a roaring water-fall popularly known as Moyar falls. [16][27], The forests of Sigur, Singara and Nilgiris East ranges were also the territory of the notororius Indian bandit Koose Muniswamy Veerapan, who made a living poaching ivory and sandalwood from the forests and selling them on the black market. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. These plateaus are formed over millions of years. Attempt Daily Current Affairs and GK Quiz of 18 and 19 October 2020 to boost your preparation of the general awareness section of the competitive exams. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. Get names of world-famous plateaus, for the IAS Exam. [19], The Sigur river valley acts as a crucial micro-habitat for herbivores, especially elephants, gaur and sambar and carnivores such as tiger, leopard, wild dog (dhole), sloth bear and striped hyaena for feeding, resting and denning. [29] Weed species, especially Lantana camara but also Parthenium, Stachytarpheta indica, Dodonaea viscosa, Euphorbia antiquorum, and Opuntia dillennii are widely distributed and are invading and degrading the quality of forage on the plateau. ... Sigur Plateau, Mudumalai National Park and Bandipur National Park. [36] Other important tourist villages are Chadpatti, Mavanhalla, Valaithottum and Singara. Average daytime temperatures vary from 32 °C (89.6 °F) in summer to 20 °C (68.0 °F) in Winter. Some of the higher elevations of the plateau have montane grassland habitats. Issu The Supreme Court has upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government notification declaring an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District.… [22] The Sigur Plateau contains several discrete elephant migration corridors, including: Kallar Elephant Corridor, Anaikatty Elephant Corridor, Vazhikadavu Elephant Corridor, Glencorin Elephant Corridor, Kaniyanpura - Moyar Elephant Corridor, Masinagudi-Moyar Elephant Corridor, Singara-Masinagudi Elephant Corridor, Mavinhalla-Chemmanatham Elephant Corridor and Greater Moyar Valley Corridor. A pair of Asian king vultures have been sighted in Sigur plateau in Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu. The largest plateau in the world is the Tibetan Plateau, located in central Asia. 5 MCQs from UPSC Previous Years Questions + 11 MCQs for practice from Rau’s Prelims Test Series 2021. [6], The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which includes Sigur Plateau and the Nilgiri Hills, is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves. The second-highest plateau is the Deosai Plateau of the Deosai National Park (also known as Deoasai Plains) at an average elevation of (13,497 ft). It has … This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 15 times. [33], Good wildlife sighting opportunities are the Elephant Safari and Van Safari, conducted by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department departing from park headquarters at Theppakadu. Tourist facilities in these six villages cover 791 acres (3.2 km2). The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), encompassing both the Sigur plateau and the Moyar valley, is believed to be home to 12-14 individuals.\ The population of the Asian king vulture, like most vulture species in India, has crashed over the last five decades. Due to the Sigur wildlife corridor, the entire area has the highest elephant population in India. Chotanagpur Plateau (India) – It has huge reserves of iron, coal, and manganese. [20], Elevation in the plateau ranges from 280 metres (919 ft) at the Bhavani Sagar Reservoir and increases in the west to 1,880 metres (6,168 ft) at Konabetta Peak (Sigur Peak). 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There are also many unauthorised small homestays operating. South of the Sigur Plateau is the higher Nilgiris Plateau. the facilities charge less than Rs 500 per night. Similar to Peninsular Plateaus of India, there are other famous plateaus in the world. The elephants are now engaged mainly for Eco-tourism, patrolling for anti poaching operations, to control Man-Elephant conflict outside the sanctuary and as a conservation and training center for elephants which can be visited by public. According to SC, it’s the State’s duty to protect a “keystone species” like elephants, which are immensely important to the environment. [23], In 2010, Jairam Ramesh, Minister for Environment and Forests, stated to the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu that "adding the Segur Plateau as a buffer to Mudumalai would strengthen the population status of tiger, its co-predators and prey in the landscape". [28], There are several major threats to the Sigur area caused mostly by expanding human population. ←Burning Issue] Recent IPCC reports → Detailed Analysis of UPSC Mains GS 2 Paper (70 Percent Questions Came from CD Test Series) Answer Key & Detailed Solutions - UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies Paper - 1 Answer Key & Detailed Solutions - UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies Paper - 1. [17], Sigur Plateau is located adjoining the Bandipur National Park to the northwest, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary to the west, and Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary and Nilgiris East ranges to the east. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. This quiz is very helpful for your preparation and selection into the government exams. With only a small a sum to commence with, it was some time before any wood could be collected. Learn the different types of plateaus and what causes plateaus. Malwa Plateau, plateau region in north-central India. India’s Peninsular Plateaus are one of its major physical features. As a result, these magma ends up lifting large, impenetrable rock above it. The population of Asian king vultures has declined over the last five decades in India. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. Along the river and stream courses, there are dense shola, or dwarf moist deciduous forest in both the west and east parts of the plateau. In 2008, close to 73,000 people stayed at the tourist resorts on the Sigur Plateau with around 58% of these tourists coming just to see the wildlife. Aspirants can check the other geography-related articles that can complement your preparation: Plateau is an area of raised land that is flat on top. It also has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side. The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), encompassing both the Sigur plateau and the Moyar valley, is believed to be home to 12-14 individuals.\ It is important that the forest should be allowed to recover, as it is the main source of supply to Utakamund for house-building purposes. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. [9][10], In 1954, the tiger was still classified as vermin in the Nilgiri Hills. Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file. It has the Nilgiri hills on its south-western side and the Moyar river valley on its north-eastern side. This part is of volcanic nature and has igneous rocks. Context : The sighting of a pair of critically endangered Asian king vultures and a juvenile in the Sigur plateau is a cause for optimism that the species may be re-establishing itself in the region.. Concept :. The causes of the formation of the plateaus are: Some of the famous plateaus across the globe are given below. [31] The major impact of private resorts on the corridor areas are: fragmentation and destruction of habitats due to invasion of unpalatable weeds, loss of forest connectivity between habitats due new buildings construction and agriculture fields, including installation of barbed wire and electric fences, increasing rate of dependence by local communities on natural resources for fuel wood collection, cattle grazing, fresh water supply and waste disposal. Kallatty falls, located30 kilometres (18.6 mi) from Theppakadu, is a waterfall with a scenic view. The plateau is highly dissected. 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016), xaam.in, 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016) It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. The Moyar River running through a dense forest is a good place to see animals when they come to drink water from the river. The high court had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government Notification of 2010 which had notified an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District and has further directed resort owners and other private land owners to vacate and hand over the vacant possession of the lands falling within the notified elephant corridor to the District Collector, Nilgiris. Answer: It is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and situated in Tamil Nadu. Answer Key & Detailed Solutions – UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies – 1 SET – Unknown NOTE: Please share your scores in the comment box. Subject: Environment. [11], In 1954, a young man-eating male Bengal tiger named the "Tiger of Segur" killed 5 people between Sigur and Anaikatty villages in the Sigur Plateau. Download plateaus notes PDF for UPSC Exam preparation. [34][35], There are at least 66 tourist resorts catering to wildlife tourism, especially in the areas of Masinagudi and Bokkapuram. Half of The Sigur Plateau is an important watershed area for the Cauvery River and its ecological health is important to the many people dependent on the Cauvery. Deccan Trap is a part of the peninsular plateau. ; It is an important wildlife corridor (for elephants and tigers) maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. Deccan Plateau (India) – It extends over 8 Indian states, covering entire South India. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. HINDU NOTES-AUGUST 4 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs] ... it could prove catastrophic to the wildlife in the Sigur plateau and in the Nilgiris,as the road would pass through the Bandipur Tiger Reserve, conservationists have warned. [18] Smaller carnivores such as palm civet, small Indian civet, jungle cat, jackal and several species of mongoose also use this valley intensively for feeding, resting and denning. Tibetan Plateau (China) – It is the highest and biggest plateau on earth. These plateaus are one of the ancient landmasses on the surface of the earth. In 2011, the Madras HC upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. Dogra, IFS, Rakesh Kumar, Wildlife Warden, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, "Conservation perspective of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, Southern India", "Can a Tiger Change Its Stripes? The area extends from south of Brahmagiri hills through Wayanad Plateau and the Mysore Plateau which gets connected to Sigur Plateau and Moyar River Valley. It is bounded by the Madhya Bharat Plateau and Bundelkhand Upland to the north, the Vindhya Range to the east and south, and the Gujarat Plains to the west. In 2011, the Madras HC had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. [7], A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for Vultures. "[14], In the late 1700s, Tipu Sultan maintained a fort and trading route between the Kingdom of Mysore and Travancore, along the Moyar River here. The prominent features of Indian Peninsular Plateau: Choose the correct answer from the below-given options. Usually, plateaus are formed when magma which is located deep inside the earth, pushes towards the surface but fails to break through the crust. The questions are mainly framed from The Hindu and PIB news articles. Your email address will not be published. It is believed that 12-14 Asian king vultures live in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), which borders Sigur plateau and … The Supreme Court upheld a Madras High Court order ratifying a state government decision to earmark the Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris as an elephant corridor in 2010 and raze all resorts in nearby Mudumalai to facilitate their movement through the corridor. Specimens of some animals who once lived in the Mudumalai Jungle are preserved in a museum near the Elephant feeding camp. The Moyar valley and the nearby Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris, are among the few remaining places in India where vultures can be found. Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Raibenshe’ It is a genre of Indian folk martial dance performed by male only; It is primarily performed in Arunachal Pradesh [citation needed], The five major streams in the Sigur plateau are the Moyar River, the Sigur River, the Avarahalla River, the Kedarhalla River and the Gundattihalla River, which originate in the Nilgiris plateau. ... UPSC REPEATS Questions in IAS Prelims from Previous Year Papers 18 repeated in 2018 IAS Prelims 26+ repeated in 2017 IAS Prelims 16+ repeated in 2016 IAS Prelims The Tamil Nadu state government will initiate efforts to declare The Sigur Plateau as a buffer zone to Mudumalai National Park due to its importance as a wildlife corridor between the Western ghats and the Eastern Ghats. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. A) None of the above statements are true. [24], These forests are home to indigenous tribal people belonging largely to the Kasaba sub-group of the Irular community. In the competitive exams conducted by UPSC, questions on World Heritage sites are a must. Rainfall is locally variable, with the western part of the plateau lying in a rain shadow region, receiving less than 500 millimetres (19.7 in) annually, while the east part receives more than 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) of rainfall. It is a plateau in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu and forms a part of Nigiri Biosphere Reserve. What current affairs are important from the perspective of the exam. [19] The Damodar River originates here and flows through a rift valley. [4], It is an important link between several contiguous protected areas forming the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, the largest protected forest area in India. 69% of private facilities have a boundary connection to government revenue land or reserve forest and 91% are fenced, usually with electrified fence. [30] An estimated 1,801 tons of firewood are collected from the Sigur Plateau annually. It also has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. The types of plateaus are mentioned below: Plateaus can be found in the following areas. Required fields are marked *. Current Affairs ... as introducing large herbivores to the extremely sensitive Sigur plateau could have even more serious consequences on the local wildlife. For the preparation of the IAS Exam, this article will brief you about: The physical features of India are important to be read about for the preparation of civil services examination. [26] There are several tribal villages in the Sigur plateau. It is an indirect tax on the supply of final goods and services. The public roads: Kakkanalli – Torapalli road, Teppakkadu – Masanagudi road and Moyar – Masanagudi road are also rewarding places to see wild life in the Sanctuary. [20], Of the nine species of Vultures which exist in India, the critically endangered white-rumped vulture, long-billed vulture and king vulture (or) red-headed vulture and the endangered Egyptian vulture have been documented in the forests of Nilgiris Eastern Ghats landscape, which comprises the Sigur and Moyar Valleys. Scenic spots are the Chief Minister’s Watchtower, the view point at Kargudi, the Ombetta Lake and the Safari Van rides on Sand Road, Circular Road, Manradiar Road, Jayadev Avenue and Bombax Road. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. This sanctuary declaration is expected to bolster wildlife conservation efforts, as the sanctuary managers will get financial support from the central government under Project Tiger. It stretches through the countries of Tibet, China, and India and occupies an area of 2.5 million square kilometers (1.5 million square miles), which is four times the size of the U.S. state of Texas. [7] The Western Ghats, the Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (more than 6,000 square kilometres (2,316.6 sq mi)), including all of Mudumalai National Park and the reserve forests of the Sigur Plateau, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site. Much to the relief of local residents, officials and tourists, Veerapan was killed by Tamilnadu Government in October 2004. Katanga Plateau (Congo) – Famous for copper mines, East African Plateau – Famous for Gold and Diamond mining, Broad and shallow valleys and rounded hills, Central Highlands of India and Deccan Plateau are the two main divisions of the Indian Peninsular Plateau. (Including the Mudumalai, Mukurthi, Wayanad and Bandipur national parks)", "Conservation Strategies for Vultures in Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve", "Expand Mudumalai buffer zone, Jairam tells TN", "Tipu Sultan's Sathyamangalam connection", "Freedom from terror in 'Veerappan corridors, "MUDUMALAI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY & NATIONAL PARK", "Status Assessment of Tourism on the Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, Impacts and Recommendations", Report – Study on Water Resources in the Sigur Plateau, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sigur_Plateau&oldid=992249306, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 07:52. The Peninsular plateau is a tableland composed of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. 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